Archive for the ‘The Beatitudes’ Category

Have you ever just resigned yourself to the fact that this is my lot in life and nothing is going to change? You are stuck in a dead end job with an oppressive boss. You are stuck in a bad marriage. You are stuck in a violent relationship. You are poor and see no way out. You are in debt up to your eyeballs and see no way to change it. You live your life from paycheck to paycheck and can’t end the cycle. Sometimes, too, we can change but we fear it and do not make the changes we need to make. Often, that’s how people perceive Christianity. They view us as not being radical but rather as those who simply accept things the way they are and as people who do nothing to change the world.

One of the raps against Christianity is that it teaches us to simply keep our head down, accept what is handed to us and just pray that things get better. We are to just be happy no matter the circumstance. We are not to take matters into our own hands and try to make things better. We are not to be violent. We are to be docile and just pray, pray, pray. So, from the outside, we are seen as supporters of things as the way they are. We are head in the clouds kind of folk. We are just waiting for heaven and ignore the ugliness of this world. Often we are perceived as arrogant because we think we are better than this world and simply stand in our ivory towers and condemn what is going on below us on the ground. We support the status quo. We are not world changers.

When Jesus says in Matthew 5:9, “Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called sons of God” many people have misinterpreted this, according to human standards, to mean that Jesus was saying that we should just accept the way things are in this world and make the best of it. They see this statement as meaning that Christians should not focus on the here and now but rather on the afterlife that we have waiting for us in Heaven. When I opened this study of the Beatitudes, remember, we said that many have viewed that the Beatitudes are a creation to support the status quo. I also stated that actually the reverse is true. That the Beatitudes are a call to action to all those who believe in Christ and follow and fashion their lives after him. This Beatitude is no different.

“Blessed are the peacemakers for they will be called sons of God.” The first thing that strikes me here is the choice of word when Jesus is saying who is or will be blessed. Here, he uses the word, “peacemaker” rather than, say, “peacekeepers”. A peacemaker to me is completely different than a peacekeeper. A peacekeeper, in my mind, supports the status quo and only wants to keep things the way that they are, which what most detractors to the Christian faith think this Beatitude is about. However, that could not be further from the truth. Jesus, the Son of God, chose every word he spoke carefully. A peacemaker is someone who makes peace. To make something means that you have to take an active role in creating something with the resources that you have available. That means that we have to use our talents to create something completely new from the things that were before. The result being something better than the ingredients were individually. Thus, a peacemaker is a person who takes an active role in creating the state of peace.

Then what is the peace that Jesus makes reference to here? As we have seen before in this study of Matthew 5 that what we humans see is not always what Jesus sees or at least we may not see in same depth and breadth as Jesus does. Thus, we need to understand the concept of peace in Jesus’ view. The peace that Jesus speaks of here must be looked at from two perspectives. First, we must look at it from the inner person of the peacemaker and then what he does outwardly.

A peacemaker, from the Christian perspective, is a person who is fully surrendered to God, as God brings peace to our soul. As the authors, Stassen and Gushee, state in their book, Kingdom Ethics, state that “We abandon the effort to get our needs met through the destruction of enemies. God comes to us in Christ to make peace with us; and we participate in God’s grace as we go to our enemies to make peace.” Thus, a peacemaker is a person that inwardly knows of his own value to God and as such is not an insecure person who is only looking out to get his own needs meet and damn all others. We no longer have the need to lord our victories, our superiority over others. We no longer need to have conflict with others to establish a pecking order in the world. We are satisfied and at peace regardless of circumstances. However, this does not mean that we sit still and do nothing because of our contentment but we do not become seduced by wanting what we do not have, by falling prey to making things of this world our gods. Once we have received Christ into our heart, we have true peace of the soul for the first time.

Now, what does a peacemaker do outwardly, in Jesus’ eyes, that makes him become capable of being called a son of God? A peacemaker, in Jesus’ eyes, is a person, as we discussed, coming from a place of inner satisfaction where the person does not have any hidden agendas. Therefore, a Godly peacemaker is a person that goes and makes peace. He is a person that sees a problem and tries to resolve in a manner that maintains everyone’s dignity as children of our Heavenly Father. So, to me, peacemakers in this sense are more than just those who go and mediate peace between warring parties. In his book, “Sermon on the Mount: A Foundation for Understanding”, Robert A. Guelich says, “THE PEACE intended is not merely that of political and economic stability, as in the Greco-Roman world, but peace in the Old Testament inclusive sense of wholeness, all that constitutes well-being. … The “peacemakers,” therefore, are not simply those who bring peace between two conflicting parties, but those actively at work making peace, bringing about wholeness and well-being among the alienated”. Thus, a Christ-following peacemaker is one who may well broker peace between warring parties but is also a person that looks at each of the people he comes in contact with as an opportunity to bring peace. Peacemakers look to help others find peace, wholeness, and completeness. And, as you and I know, peace, wholeness, completeness can only be found when we lose our life and hand it over to our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ.

In his book, Counter Culture, David Platt tells us that we should seek to end that which prevents each and every person from experiencing the glory of God. There are so many social ills out there that oppress and ensnare people that prevent them from experiencing the glory of God. We should be offended as Christ followers when people groups are oppressed by desperate poverty, lack of education, and corrupt governments. We should tirelessly work to free them from human oppression so that they can experience the glory of God in their lives. We should seek justice against those who enslave others in sex trafficking and any other form of modern slavery. We should work tirelessly to set these people free and teach them new ways of living that places value on their lives. We should be heartbroken over cultural and institutional racism that oppresses people groups just because of the color of their skin or their religious beliefs. When man oppresses man he is waging war against God. When we twist the Bible to support our sinful lifestyles we are waging war against God. It is our job as Christ followers to be active. We are called to carry the gospel message that we are created in God’s image and that each person is valuable in the sight of God. We are to carry the message that man has distorted the image of God when we practice behaviors that are against God’s Word ourselves and force others to accept it. We distort God’s image in each of us when we quietly accept social injustice. We are compelled to be world changers. We must work tirelessly to share the gospel in loving and compassionate ways that brings people to the understanding that God loves them, God values them, God sent His Son to redeem them, that God hates injustice, that God wants to shine His glory upon them. David Platt tells us that Christianity is anything but docile. We make peace. We create it. We work for it. Christianity works to see God’s full glory to be experienced by every man, woman, daughter and son. Being a Christ follower is a call to action. Being a Christ follower is not some quiet intellectual exercise where you become more and more like Christ through transcendental thought! We are a team of believers who care like Jesus cared. Jesus was out in the world healing daily. He was out in the world changing it so that each person He came in contact with could experience the glory of God. He was out in the world challenging those had distorted God’s Word to their own advantage so that they would one day see that God’s glory is shown through obeying His Word. Jesus met the challenges of His day head on. He did not withdraw. He was not some guru on a mountaintop withdrawn from the world. He did not sit inside the synagogues. He was a world changer. His disciples, that’s us! We should do no less. He calls us to make peace. He calls us to change to the world. Making means creating something that was not there before. Making is sometimes risky, painful, and even deadly. By no means is this Christianity a sit on the sidelines belief system. Jesus calls us to get off the couch and bring about the full extent of God’s glory here on earth!

Again, those with surface Bible knowledge, have long said the Beatitudes are about keeping the status quo or at the very least just accepting what life throws at you without complaint. As I said at the beginning of this study, when you dive into the Beatitudes, you will find that supporting the status quo is the opposite of what Jesus meant. The Beatitudes are about inward personal change and outward personal action. In this latest Beatitude, “blessed are the peacemakers”, it does not support making peace with the way things are in life and our station in it. In contrast, Jesus is saying that we must first find inner peace that comes only through our submission to Him as the Lord over our lives. Once we have given our life totally to the Lord, we become as, Paul says in Philippians 4:11-12, “For I have learned to be content whatever the circumstances. I know what it is to be in need, and I know what it is to have plenty. I have learned the secret of being content in any and every situation!”

Paul again is not saying that we are to accept our lot and life and swallow it. What Paul is saying (which echoes what Jesus said in this Beatitude) is that since I have given my life to the hands of Jesus, it really does not matter what or how I find myself in this world. I don’t need any of the trapping of this world. When we have sold out to Jesus, we become more interested in the plight of others rather than our own selfish needs. When we get to that place of contentment through our relationship with Jesus Christ, we can shed those selfish needs, our personal agenda, and truly for the first time care about what happens to other people (without the “what’s in it for me?” factor). Only then can we become true peacemakers. Then, we take action in the interest of others, to make peace in their lives. To make peace is to create to change, to take ingredients and make something new. To make peace is to an agent that creates something new that was not there before. Not quiet. Not docile. Not accepting the status quo. Change agents. That’s what we are to be. Now.

Go and make peace!

Have you ever thought about it? The impure thoughts that flow through our mind daily! Even if we never act on them, those thoughts are there. Even the Christ follower has impure thoughts daily. We think about things we should not think about. Sometimes these thoughts dominate us for days, weeks, months, years on end. Lies, rationalizations, murder, theft, sexual sin, anger, you name it. We have these thoughts and fantasies. When we get to the Sermon on the Mount later in Matthew’s Gospel, we find Jesus saying that being His follower involves more than just not physically doing the wrong things, He says that our thought must be pure also. Physical actions are the result of thoughts first. Actions only come after thoughts. Often are hearts are full of sinful thoughts even if we do not act on them but they are there. That’s when you really do realize how impure we are. We may exhibit self-control outwardly but our thoughts are the hardest thing to bring under self-control. So, Jesus lays a heavy one on us here. Blessed are the pure in heart. It is only through grace and the power of the Holy Spirit that we can see God. Changing the outward evidence of our behavior is easy but the process of becoming pure at heart takes a grace covering from Jesus and the daily, daily, daily chiseling of our hearts into purity by the Holy Spirit. What a painful process that is! To make our hearts pure!

The next Beatitude continues the theme on contradicting normal human behaviors when Jesus says, “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God.” In contradicting normal human behavior requires action from us. Thus, this beatitude is a command to reach higher – above normal human nature. Wayne Jackson, in his essay, “Who are ‘The Pure in Heart’?”, says This Beatitude represents “that ideal state of mind of the person who longs to serve God and others for the sheer unselfish joy of honoring the Creator, and thus free of base motives. What a lofty disposition that would be.” I agree with Mr. Jackson. His statement indicates that this Beatitude represents an ideal, a lofty disposition. By saying that he means that there is a change that must occur. For me, this ideal, this lofty disposition has to be broken down into three component parts to be analyzed. Those are “purity”, the “heart”, and “seeing God.”

First, let’s look at purity. When you look at the original Greek in which this Gospel was written, the Greek word that we translate into English as “pure” is katharos. In the original Greek katharos was used in the context of metals. In this sense, it was talking about metals with all impurities removed or anything with all undesirable elements removed. When you think of the metallurigical reference, it is much like us. We are born impure. We are born with a sin nature. It is only through the burning fire of salvation and a lifetime of sanctification are all our impurities released from their hold on what is pure and God-like about us. Just as physical birth is a challenging, painful experience, our rebirth in Christ is a purification. This process of change from one state to the other is a challenging, painful experience. Thus to achieve this ideal state of this beatitude, we must have gone through a transformation in which we are rid of our normal base human behaviors that prevent us from achieving what this beatitude recommends. We must have taken the action of accepting Christ into our lives and then seeing that the life Christ wants us to lead requires us to let go of our selfish impurities and aspire to the life of selfless service that Christ led.

The next aspect of this beatitude is the “heart”. Biologically, we cannot exist without the functioning of our most important organ. Thus, this organ defines our existence. Maybe, that is why the heart has always been used as a symbol when referencing our spiritual condition. Our spiritual heart is that which is inside of us that defines us as to who we really are – who we are when no one is looking. Thus, in the context of this beatitude, Jesus is saying that we should be more than outwardly pure. Anyone can be outwardly pure. But, we, as Christ followers, must be pure of heart. We must be persons of such character that our inner most being is striving to achieve God’s ideals. Not just putting on a pretty front when on the inside we are just iron ore in its raw base state—full of impurities, impure thoughts and motives. To be pure in heart means that our inner most thoughts match our outward appearance. We walk the Christian walk as well as talk the Christian talk. Instead of having selfish motives for everything we do, our heart must be willing to serve and meet the physical and spiritual needs of our fellow man without thought of “what’s in it for me”. It is like when you sit down to write your tithe check to your church. Is it about obedience and submission to the instructions of God or are you keeping the command but yet thinking of what I could have done with that money. To sum up, it is our motives that must be purified such that our thoughts and actions are all about honoring God in all that we do.

The final aspect that I want us to look at here is about the concept of “seeing God” that is mentioned in this Beatitude. I think that the arrangement of the phrases in this Beatitude are important (i.e., God is not random in any way…even the way he arranged the sentences in the Bible are done with purpose). The end game, “seeing God” cannot happen without having gone through the transformation that leads to a pure heart. Thoughts and actions must be transformed to give us the opportunity to “see God”. To “see God” in the original Greek meant to experience the fullness of God, to see the fruits of that experience. For example, those who believe only in man’s reason (that which can be proven by man’s standards) will conclude that Jesus is a nice prophet who spoke in parables about how to act in this life, but will not “see” that Jesus is the Living Water, the very one child of God, the Savior of the World. Without faith, one cannot see. Without releasing our humanness, our flaws, our limited ability to control our world to the will of our Creator, we cannot really “see”. When we give up control of our soul to the One who made us, only then can we experience the cleansing peace of God and “see” the majesty of who he is and what he has done for us. Going back to Wayne Jackson’s essay again, he said, “When one submits to the conditions of the ‘new birth’ process, he ‘sees’ or ‘enters’ the kingdom of God, i.e., he receives the blessings of citizenship in the kingdom of heaven.” Thus, to see God, we must have the blinders of human selfishness and self-interest removed from our eyes. Only then can we truly see God in all his splendor. When those blinders are removed and we have submitted to God and allowed him to rule our lives, allow him complete control can we be transformed into the glorious child of God that can see him and sit at his feet.

Therefore, this Beatitude requires action like all the others. We must go down a path of change. We must make the painful walk through the purification process. The purification process in which our selfish motives are removed from us such that our heart, that base part of us that defines us, is reflective of God through our love and service to our fellow man. Then and only then can we be able to see the splendor, peace, the possibilities, the hope of God’s amazing kingdom. All of this splendor, hope and peace come from knowing that by no action of our own we have gained access to spending eternity at God’s feet in Heaven through the cleansing blood of Jesus. Without that cleansing blood, we are not worthy of ever gaining that access. Through that wonderful gift, we become so humbled and awed that we no longer think solely of ourselves. Through our salvation gift, we are so thankful (like someone having just saved our physical life) that we will do anything in humble service to him. No selfish motives. Just thankfulness for his saving grace. We love. We serve. We give. All to honor him. All done with a pure heart that “sees God” in everything we do in thankfulness for what he has done for us through his Son. We are pure in heart then. Our service to others, our praise to our Maker and Creator, our love for our fellow man all come as overflow from the realization that we deserve just punishment but have been shown extreme grace. When we live our lives from that position, a position of being an undeserving recipient of a pardon, then all pride gets washed away and purity can begin. We can see God.

Matthew 5:1-12 — The first thing that comes to mind when I hear the word, mercy, is fights with my brother when I was kid. Back then, to outsiders, it might have seemed that we hated each other, but I think it was just competitiveness. We tried to outdo each other at everything. We were only a year and half apart in age so we were right there together as far as physical development goes. So, we competed fiercely with one another over EVERYTHING. It didn’t matter. Everything was a competition. As you might imagine, as competitive as we were, it would lead to major conflict. A simple basketball game between the two of us could degenerate into a brawl within seconds. If we ever got the other pinned down or vice versa and during those moments the heat of anger would begin to pass and the one who was pinned and could not figure a way out of it would have to say, “mercy”. It was the humiliation of all humiliations to have to say, “mercy” cause it meant that you were defeated. You let yourself get into a pickle you could not get out of. Oh, the shame! And with the claim of mercy came victory to the winning brother. Oh the pride! That is often our perception of mercy today as well. When we think of mercy, we think of letting up and not going in for the kill. Mercy is to let someone off the hook. In little league sports and I think in some high school sports, there is a mercy rule where if the game is so out of hand at a certain time point in a game, they call the game. It’s over at that point. It is humiliation for the team that is getting beaten badly. I use to hate that when I was on the winning team because it cut our game short. I wanted to finish the domination. So, mercy, is almost an unwanted characteristic in our world. So, why does Jesus say, “Blessed are the merciful for they shall be shown mercy.”?

Before we dive into this beatitude, let’s have some definitions. We must understand what the word, “merciful” means. Most English dictionaries define mercy or merciful as “In English “mercy” is normally used to mean showing compassion, forbearance, pity, sympathy, forgiveness, kindness, tenderheartedness, liberality or refraining from harming or punishing offenders or enemies.” These synonyms give us some insight on this word; they all express how a merciful person might act. However, none of them specifically pictures what biblical mercy is, because the scriptural concept is virtually untranslatable into a single English word. William Barclay says it best in his Daily Bible Study commentary when he says:

It does not mean only to sympathize with a person in the popular sense of the term; it does not mean simply to feel sorry for some in trouble. Chesedh [sic], mercy, means the ability to get right inside the other person’s skin until we can see things with his eyes, think things with his mind, and feel things with his feelings.

Clearly this is much more than an emotional wave of pity; clearly this demands a quite deliberate effort of the mind and of the will. It denotes a sympathy which is not given, as it were, from outside, but which comes from a deliberate identification with the other person, until we see things as he sees them, and feel things as he feels them. This is sympathy in the literal sense of the word. Sympathy is derived from two Greek words, syn which means together with, and paschein which means to experience or to suffer. Sympathy means experiencing things together with the other person, literally going through what he is going through. (p. 103)

So, biblical mercy is different from our worldly thoughts about mercy like I think of when me and my brother used to fight or like when a team pulls all its starters in the third quarter when playing an outmatched opponent. It is more than showing compassion, pity or sympathy or tenderheartedness. It is more than letting up when you could rightfully destroy someone. It is a call to action. It is a call to get off the couch.

To have mercy for others is a call to action. Earlier this week, we were having conversations about wealth and poverty and how living simply on our part will allow us to (1) live within our means, (2) be generous, and (3) enable us to go and meet needs. It is one thing to throw money at a problem and bury your head in the sand and think that you have addressed a problem. Certainly, yes, we need generous people to give generously to the fights against poverty, injustice, slavery, and a host of other social ills as we discussed in the last few posts. However, we are called as Christ followers to do more than write a check. We are called to be in the trenches. We are called to be merciful in the sense that William Barclay defines it. It means experiencing things together with the other person. How can we be merciful if we do not feel the desperate hunger of a child in a third world country? How can we be merciful if we contribute to causes because it is one of regular bills in our inbox? Hands and feet on the ground lead to true mercy. How can you understand the plight of the urban ghetto black male if you don’t go to the ghetto and experience life with him firsthand? How can we understand here in the South how hard the spiritual soil is up in the Northeast unless we get on the ground in Manchester, CT and see how people respond to genuine love and caring? I am preaching at myself here too friends. I, just like you, can find ourselves getting so busy with our own lives that we fail to see the needs around us. That was the overwhelming thing that came out of our life group meeting on Wednesday night as we had our second session on the book by David Platt, Counter Culture. That theme was we are privileged by God to have allowed us to be born in this country. God did not put us here to be self-involved and to live off of 105% of what we make and get so wrapped up in our world of debt and things. God did put us here to be merciful. He put us here to use to be generous with the blessings that He has given us. He put us here to go and show mercy. We must go. We have been privileged. Help us Lord not to abuse the privilege and to live way beyond simply into the realms of excess and excessive debt. Help us to be a merciful people!

To have mercy for others is to understand others’ situations from the inside out. In order for us to understand, we must go. We must get off the couch. We must jump in feet first into the world outside our comfort zone. It means that we must get dirty. We need to get to know people. We need to understand their situation. We need to get inside their lives and see the world as they see the world. It is only then that we can understand. It is only then that we can be merciful. To use a light-hearted situation, think about Elena and I. We are a house divided. She is a University of South Carolina Gamecock fan (her daughter is a graduate) and I am a Clemson University Tiger fan (have been since I was a little kid and, as well, my oldest daughter is a graduate). Before I met Elena and all her Gamecockery, it was easy for me to dislike the Gamecocks and their fans. However, after living with a Gamecock these years, I have come to realize that I can no longer demonize all Gamecock fans. I know one. I live with one. It made me realize that Gamecock fans are people too. Even though their mascot is a chicken, they deserve love, and respect. This is a simplistic example and it’s about sports and so ultimately does not solve any of the world’s problems but it does show us the way. It is easy to demonize that which you do not know. It is easy to be emotionally distant from that which you do not know personally. It is easy to walk away from that which you do not have an investment in. As James tells us in the New Testament, it is easy to walk by someone sitting on a street corner begging for food and tell them that you will pray for them. That’s easy. To get down on the ground and sit with this person and try to help them make sense of their lives and help them get back on their feet, that is mercy. That is getting dirty. That is getting real. We talk a lot about the problems in what we call a godless society and mourn what is happening. Yet, we show little mercy. We do not get out in the world and show the love of Christ. We do not get out in the world and show people that we care. We do not by and large do anything other than bemoan. We as Christ followers on average only contribute 2% of our income to our churches. We as Christ followers do very little volunteer work. We as Christ followers do very little to flesh out the ministries of our churches. We as Christ followers have to begin to be more merciful. Having mercy means getting out of my comfort zone. Having mercy means getting dirty. Having mercy means taking on the qualities of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. He was out in the street. He did not wait in the synagogues for the world to come to Him. He went to the world. He healed people where they were at. He walked the towns and villages proclaiming the kingdom and demonstrating it through His actions. Merciful Jesus.

May we heed mercy’s call to action. May we heed mercy’s requirement that we go beyond the couch and take it to the streets and put people, faces, and names to the problems of this world and grow compassionate hearts to do something about because it has a face and a name!

Matthew 5:1-12 — Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for justice for they will be filled. Here, right here, right now, is the most challenging of the Beatitudes. There are two things that slap us in the face in this one. First, there is the present tense of it. And second, there is the state of being of it. At our church, our small groups are called to do periodic “off-the-couch” projects outside the major corporate community service projects that are to get us outside our Bible studies and put what we have learned into practice. This beatitude compels us as Christians to be forever off the couch!

The first thing that you notice here is that the verbs, hunger and thirst, are in the present tense. Not past, hungered and thirsted. Not past perfect, have hungered and have thirsted. Not future, will hunger and will thirst. Not future perfect, shall have hungered and shall have thirsted. We are to be presently hungry and thirsty for justice. So often in church and in our small groups, we are content to comment on the world as it is and say, “That’s sad!” or “man, the world is going to hell in a handbasket!” This beatitude is more than just talk. When people are hungry and thirsty presently they always seek out food to fill their hunger. Before all the fancy ways in which we live in the 21st century, much of life was spent searching for food. It was what life was all about. Hunting it. Finding it. Killing it. Preparing it. Eating it. Cleaning it up. Or we are tending to it. Growing it. Picking it. Storing it. Preparing it. Eating it. Cleaning it up. We were consumed by these activities. It was a full time job. Jesus is calling us to be consumed by seeking justice. It should be our life’s work. We should do more than every once and a while service projects that make us feel good. We should be offended by injustice. We should be offended right now, right here, and compelled into action to seek justice for our fellow man. We are not to sit on the couch. Poverty, racism, oppression, slavery and a host of other social injustices cloud out the glory of God in people’s lives and we should be offended. We should be hungry right now. We should be thirsty right now to remove all the injustices that keep people from becoming all that God intended them to be, to be able to express their God given talents in ways that bring glory to God. We should be righteously angry and compelled to action against injustice, not just occasionally, not just once in a while, not next week, but right now, hungry, right now, thirsty.

The second thing about this beatitude is that it is a state of being. We are to be constantly hungry and thirsty for justice. He did not put an end time on it. He did not say that you should be hungry and thirsty for justice until you meet this goal. We should forever be hungry and thirsty for justice. Jesus is calling us to hunger and thirst for justice in every aspect of our lives both public and private. He wants us to be a part of change in our world; to thirst and hunger for our world to be changed and become a world led by morally right, universal truths. Examples of Jesus-like thirst for justice that I can see in this world are guys like Nelson Mandela. He endured 27 years in prison for having dared to speak out against a system that is wrong. Rather than start a bloody revolution when he emerged from prison to satisfy vindictive desires, he quietly led change for the better in South Africa. He did it through forgiveness of, and working with his former captors to create a government that has now lasted far longer than anyone thought. He responded to Jesus’ call to justice. Martin Luther fought against what God’s church had become by the 15th century which was a far cry from the first century church. He fought to return it to its Christ-centered roots at the threat of prison and even death. Dr. Martin Luther King fought to end institutionalized racism, like Mandela, and influenced generations of Southerners to see each other as human beings rather than black and white. It cost him his life. Each of these men had deep faith in God and it was the desire for all men to be able to live lives that give full and complete glory to God that compelled them to change their world. We should be righteously angry and righteously hungry and righteously thirsty for justice for all mankind. We must live in an eternal state of vigilance against anything that keeps our fellow man from experiencing the full glory of God, that keeps our fellow man from experiencing a personal relationship with Jesus Christ, that keeps a man from enjoying the characteristics of God (honor, justice, freedom, love, truth, loyalty, care, etc.). This should be our state of being at all times. Hungry and Thirsty!

Let us live eternally off the couch. Let us be a service project in action daily. Let us seek out injustice that blinds and fogs and clouds the glory of God from shining in a man’s life. Let us be that church. Let us be hungry and thirsty for justice! Amen and Amen!

Matthew 5:1-12 — Is Jesus saying that the wimps will inherit the earth? Wordly definitions of the word, meek, do not bring forth images of power, confidence, and self-assurance. Meekness in a worldly definition is “humbly patient or docile, as under provocation from others; overly submissive or compliant; spiritless; tame.” In what we see in the world, it is the people with the opposite of meekness that run the world. It is the powerful, the aggressive, these are the ones who rule the earth.

We have seen it throughout history that it is the confident and aggressive that rule. People who impose their will upon others are those that advance in the world as we know it. Nations who are aggressive impose their will upon other nations. It is just the way of the world. Jesus comes along and says the opposite. What does he mean?

Meekness is humility toward God and toward others. It is having the right or the power to do something but refraining for the benefit of someone else. When we are meek we realize that we are not the center of the universe and everything does not revolve around us. When realize that we are not the center of the universe and that God is the one who is, it is humbling. When we realize that all peoples are individuals with their own rights and that they are not just here to be backdrops and window dressing for our own universe, then we find the beginning of meekness. To be meek is to recognize God as being far greater than we are and through that we reduce the size of our self-centered egos. When we realize that other people have just as much right to the air that we breath, it elevates their right to existence and reduces ours to its proper proportion. Being meek helps us put ourselves in proper perspective.

Meekness also models the humility of Jesus Christ. If anyone had the right or the power to to do whatever He wanted but refrained from doing it, Jesus would be the one. Jesus was God in the flesh. He is God. He is co-equal with the Holy Spirit and the Father. According to gotquestions.com,

“As Philippians 2:6–8 says, ‘Jesus, being in very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be used to his own advantage; rather, he made himself nothing by taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness. And being found in appearance as a man, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to death—even death on a cross!’ Being ‘in the very nature God,’ Jesus had the right to do whatever He wanted, but, for our sake, He submitted to ‘death on a cross.’ That is the ultimate in meekness.”

If we are to be like Christ, we are not to take advantage of the power that we have and lord it over others. We refrain. We hold back. We understand the needs of others. We feel the needs of others. We care about the needs of others. We place their needs ahead of our own. We find joy in caring for the needs of others. Love has won more hearts in this world that aggression ever has. Sure aggression has led to the establishment of earthly kingdom that last a while but they all fall. Jesus changed the world forever by His meekness, by His setting aside of His personal glory to do us the ultimate favor.

Meekness is the hallmark quality too of effectively sharing the gospel. The apostle Peter tells us that we should always be ready with answer for the hope that we have but that we should do so in gentleness and meekness. This was a question that my life group pondered last night as we started our session with a reprise of the discussion from the week before – how to be a Christian in a world that is increasingly hostile toward the gospel? How do we stand firm in what we believe but yet love the person whose beliefs and actions are in opposition to God’s Word. We are to be meek and gentle. We are to share the gospel in love. We love people and pray for them fervently to see the truth of the gospel. We engage them day to day. We do not beat them with the Word. We get to know them. We develop trust. We actually care about them. We are there for them. We live out love for them. It is only when people know that we love them genuinely and honestly that we can effectively share the truth of the gospel with them.

Just as God loves us even though He knows we daily disappoint Him, we should be gentle with those whose behaviors and actions are against God’s Word. Meekness, gentleness, love, and patience and prayer have won more people to Christ than any street corner evangelist and any street corner protester. Working daily and tirelessly with people who obviously are living sinful lifestyles has won more to Christ than standing in an ivory tower and saying I am right and you are wrong and you are going to hell. Help us Lord to care so deeply for others in meekness that the thought of them going to hell scares the bejeebies out of us. Help us to care so much that the thought of someone going to hell spurs us to action to get into the dirt and grime of their lives and help them to see the truth of the gospel through the love that we show them.

May we seek meekness as we become more like Christ. May we be in the streets like Him. May we love the world so much that we are willing to do anything to love others to the cross. That’s meekness, Lord! May we see saving others from an eternity in hell as so far greater than any personal need that we have that we set aside our own glory for the eternal well-being of others, just as Jesus did. Amen.

Matthew 5:1-12 — Jesus blows us away with the next Beatitude. Jesus says, in Verse 4 of Matthew 5, “Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted.” This one just flies into the face of everything that we know in our humanness. To us, mourning is a bad thing. If beatitude means blessed state of being, how can this be a blessed state of being? When we think of mourning, it is usually thought of in the context of a major loss, particularly death, especially the death of a loved one. It is defined in the dictionaries as “to feel or express sorrow or grief over (misfortune, loss, or anything regretted); deplore”. However, Jesus always looks at life differently and in a more eternal way that we do. Jesus says basically here that mourning means something good in the end. It means that comfort will be given by our Father in Heaven. Why does Jesus say this?

Let’s look at this. I think what Jesus is saying to us here are several things. First, mourning in the sense of this text cannot be limited to simply grief surrounding death of an important person in our life. It is meant, I think, to include grief over being oppressed, and grief over loss of control of our lives. Inherent in mourning is that we have lost something that we cared about. For most of us, mourning is the result of realizing that we do not control our own destiny. That life has a way of continuing to work its pattern regardless of what we do. We see this often in the expression of grief over the death of a loved one. In coming to that realization, there is an inevitable descent into hopelessness. This is true in mourning caused by other factors in life not just death of a loved one. We often mourn over loss of a marriage, loss of a job, loss of money, loss of a home, loss of a friendship, loss of anything in our humanness that we cling to as important in our lives. It has often been said that when we make a human or things created by humans our gods then we are setting ourselves up for failure.

Isn’t that what Jesus is saying here? Yes, it is a harsh way to come to God – through loss. However, once we realize that we do not control our lives like we think we do then we are open to God himself. We then reach out to something greater than ourselves. Like crawling in our daddy’s lap when we hurt ourselves and there we find comfort and feel oh so loved and secure. In that instant, we feel nothing can hurt us or at least that daddy will fix it for us. That is what God wants for us. Through mourning, the realization that we are out of control, we can honestly without hesitation in our heart turn to God, our Heavenly daddy and say please fix this, please fix my life. Only then can we turn our life totally over to his control. Again, as we see here, Jesus turns our conventional wisdom about what is good and what is bad on its ear. Through our mourning, we find God and rid ourselves of the hopeless randomness of this world. In Jesus’ view, we can come out of the other end of mourning as a better and more eternally oriented.

Another way to look at it is that we are in mourning when we realized that we are mired in sin. The Spirit comforts those who are honest about their own sin and humble enough to ask for forgiveness and healing. Those who hide their sin or try to justify it before God can never know the comfort that comes from a pure heart. True joy is not found in selfish ambition, excuses, or self-justification. An enviable state of blessedness comes to those who mourn over their own sin. It is only when we realize that we cannot earn or justify or do all the right things that we find the tears of salvation. When we honestly realize that hell will be our home for eternity because of how innately bad we are, how we are completely lost, and how we need outside intervention that we are ready for salvation.

Pride blinds us to our need for a Savior. Pride makes us think that we self-sufficient. Pride makes some of us believe that we are too smart for God so we make Him not exist. Pride makes us think that our own choices should be allowed free rein because we know better than God. Pride makes us justify our behaviors and in so doing circumvent the eternal, unchanging truth of God. How can we ever find God when we are prideful? It is only when we realize that there is something greater than we are. It is only when we mourn over our inability to control our lives that we can see God. When we come to that honest point that we have screwed up our lives in our pride that we are ready to see God. When we see that we are sinners who keep sinning, keep hurting people, keep doing things that are displeasing to God that we cry out, we mourn for the hopeless state of our lives that we are ready for the leadership of Jesus Christ in our lives. When we mourn, it is admitting that we don’t have it all together. Admitting that we need a Savior. Admitting that we need help is the beginning of the weight of pride and self-reliance off of our shoulders. Honesty about our true state of failure before a perfect God is the beginning of repentance. Repentance is honesty. Mourning is realization. We need a Savior. Mourning is realization. Mourning is the fog clearing from our eyes. We need a Savior. So, in this sense, mourning is like the dawning of a new morning. It is the realization that we need a fresh start. We find that in salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ.

Mourning gives way to great joy and comfort in knowing that God is in control and that we are safe in the arms of Christ. Joy comes from the mourning. Joy comes in the morning! Amen.

Matthew 5:1-12 — As we talked about yesterday, the kingdom mindset that Jesus calls us toward is completely different from the worldview of many in Jesus’ day and is distinctly different from the worldview of many today. With Jesus’ announcement that the kingdom of God was near back in Matthew 4:17, people were naturally asking, “How do I qualify to be in God’s kingdom?” Jesus answer is the Beatitudes. According to what Jesus teaches, the Kingdom of God is organized differently from worldly kingdoms. The things that matter in a worldly view are turned on their head in God’s kingdom.

in Verse 3, Jesus begins His teaching when He says, “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.” Wow! Poor in spirit! That sounds weird. To be poor in spirit! What does this mean? Being poor in our worldly view means not having what we need, lacking. Wouldn’t it be better in the world view to be “rich in spirit”? It would mean that we have what we need, that we are self-sufficient. By making this saying, Jesus is putting the world view on its ear. What does Jesus mean when he says that the poor in spirit will have access to the Kingdom of Heaven? How is this possible?

Does Jesus want us to be financially poor so that we are down and out and have a defeated spirit? That’s the initial impression that one might have if you are coming at the beatitudes from a worldly view. While Jesus warns frequently of the dangers of wealth and how it can come between us and a right relationship with God. There are great temptations to make money our god either through jealously protecting it and hoarding it when you have excess or making it your god when you do not have what you think is enough to live a life according to the economic standards of the culture in which you live. That can be as dangerous as getting caught up in keeping what you have when you are well-off, by your culture’s standards. But I do not think that espousing financial poverty is what Jesus is after in this beatitude.

Jesus is talking about spiritual realities not material ones. So, what then does it really mean to be poor in spirit, according to the mind of God, as spoken by God in the flesh, Jesus Christ. To be poor in spirit is to recognize that we are bankrupt not financially but spiritually. There is danger for us who believe in Jesus Christ to forget where we came from, so to speak. Those who are poor in spirit realize that we have nothing to offer God on our own. We are sinners in the hands of a just God. When we are poor in spirit we are humbled by the fact that we have been given grace through Jesus Christ. When we are poor in spirit, we understand that our destiny was in hell because of our sin and our prideful ways. When we are poor in spirit, we can see that we have no right to proud or haughty about what we have achieved. We have earned nothing. We are destined for hell on our own efforts. Nothing that we can do can erase away the taint of our sin on our own. In the absence of outside intervention, we are left with the permanent stain of sin. It is like a bathtub that gets used frequently. Without an external force to come in to clean it, it will develop a dirt ring around it that if not washed will become a permanent stain. The bathtub is not self-cleaning. it cannot clean itself. You and I are the bathtub my friends. We cannot clean ourselves. With each passing sin, the ring grows in its dirt that ultimately stains our beautiful porcelain finish beyond repair. The only way to prevent the tub from being stained permanently is for someone to come along and clean the tub because as we have said, the tub cannot clean itself. When we realize that we are helpless in our sin and that we are beyond repair, that we are beyond cleaning through our own efforts, that we could not get ourselves completely clean no matter how hard we try, then we are poor in spirit. We realize that we need something to come along and clean us up. That something is the grace of Jesus Christ.

Man, what great humility comes with that. Even after salvation, we as Christ followers must continue to remember that. We were saved from hell. Hell my friends. The place of eternal pain and suffering and that, my friends, is what you and I deserve in the hands of a perfect and holy God. We must remember that always. Even if we have been saved for 50 years or just 50 minutes, we deserve hell on our own. It is only through the grace of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ that we can even think of coming in the presence of a perfect and holy God. Think about it. Are you not humbled by that? Poor in spirit means that you get it! Poor in spirit means that you celebrate with great thanksgiving at what Jesus Christ did on the cross for you and for me. Let us never forget that even after 50 years of salvation.

The awesome humility that it brings when you realize daily that we stand at the precipice of hell. We see the flames and the anguished cries of hardened souls. We feel the absence of God. Even here on earth, people who have rebelled against God have access to the feeling of His presence, but in hell the vacuum of the absence of God is palpable. You can feel it. When we are poor in spirit, it is like the criminal that realizes that he deserves to be punished. That’s the difference between someone who has not been saved and one who is. A saved person realizes that he is at the precipice of hell and that he deserves the eternal punishment that it holds. But yet, when we repent and ask Jesus Christ to be our Savior, He comes in the courtroom and says this one right here, the one that deserves condemnation and eternal punishment, he is mine. I will take his just and deserved punishment. Punish me but set him free. To be poor in spirit is to be joyously thankful for the reprieve given us by Jesus Christ.

Let us never forget where we belong. Let us never forget where we came from. We are sinners continuously benefiting from the reprieve that Jesus Christ gave us on the cross. It is us that should have been there on the cross experience the wrath of God for our sin. But Jesus did it for us. We are set free. We live under the reprieve. We live on borrowed time. We have borrowed our freedom through Jesus Christ’s efforts. We have been set free. If we live our lives in the eternal understanding of that, it will take away all pride that we have in our own efforts even as Christ followers. When we are poor in spirit, we do good works from the overflow of our poverty in spirit. We do good works as daily thanksgiving to our Savior. We do not do them to earn our way to anything for we know we can never do enough to repay Jesus Christ. We can never do enough to clear away the taint of our sins. It is only in the covering of Jesus Christ that we are made clean and can stand in the presence of a perfect and holy God. Think about it. Your and my salvation is the greatest miracle of all! Let us remember, always remember, what we deserve on our own. Let us remember, always remember, that it is Jesus that sets us free from our just punishment. Let us remember that we are living on the pardon of Christ. Let us forever remember that so that we are not proud in spirit but forever humble in spirit, poor in spirit, contrite in spirit. Amen and Amen.