Archive for March, 2017

Deuteronomy 24:5-7 (Part 2 of 4)

Miscellaneous Regulations

Newlyweds. Holding hands. Opening doors. Hugging up. Snuggling up. Complimenting. Little notes. These are the early days of marital relationships. Then, life happens. The daily grind happens. Paying bills happens. Him leaving his underwear by the clothes hamper instead of in the clothes hamper happens. Her taking two hours to get ready to go somewhere happens. It takes a lot of energy in those early days to maintain that honeymoon state in a marriage. Eventually, because of familiarity and because of the humdrum of life, we fall away from those cute little (and sometimes nauseating to the outside world) displays of affection during the early part of marriage.


I think that both the giddy early days of marriage and the seemingly less-frenzied years later are necessary parts of the development of a couple’s marriage. I am not saying that we should not continue to try to go over the top showing our spouses that we love them in later years but we should not automatically assume that our marriages are in trouble just because we are not pawing over each other all the time like when we were newlyweds. Yes, if we are doing things that let our spouse now that we love them then we need to get back to it. But, a lot of our over the top stuff in the early part of marriage is induced by the newness of the physical relationship and the passion that it creates. That kind of passion that comes in the early parts of marriage is simply not sustainable. That is why it is important that we marry someone who can be our friend as well as our lover. My mom, celebrating her eternity in heaven now for 6 ½ years, used to tell me that “you need to marry a woman who can be your best friend in the living room as much or more than she is your best friend in the bedroom!” Long-term love simply cannot be based on physical passion. It is not sustainable. That is not to say that there should not be periods of passion in marriage that is older than a year. Passion comes and goes. And you appreciate it when comes back but do not think the world has ended when a cycle of passion has ended in a long-term marriage. It comes and it goes. But is your spouse your best friend. Can you communicate with her with just a look? Can you look at him and know just by the way he looks back at you that you are the most important thing in his life? Can you have conversations about anything? Can you enjoy silence together and just enjoy being in the same room with them? Do you look forward to just spending time with your spouse? Is your spouse your best friend? These are the things that kept our grandparents and the generations before them married for 50 plus years. They were best friends. Are you best friends with your spouse?


When you think of best friend, does your spouse come to mind? When you think of life without your spouse, does it send a chill through your soul? We all get older, fatter, and wider than we used to be as we grow older. Is your love for your spouse dependent on how good their physique is? Do you want a divorce just because they don’t look as good as they used to? Have you looked in the mirror lately? Neither do you! If you fall in love with someone just because of their body shape, then, you are not in love at all. Do you love your spouse’s soul? Does your wife give you a feeling of home and of comfort and of unconditional acceptance? Does your husband make you feel like a princess and feel protected and cared for and secure? Do you love your spouse’s soul? When you love someone because there is a soul connection not just a physical one that’s when you’ve got something.


When we look back on our marriage and all that we have been through together as spouses, can you think of having to do it with anyone else? The shared history of a husband and wife is another thing that makes a marriage more than just physical entertainment. The heartaches, the triumphs, the problems with kids, the accomplishments of our kids, the family times that were and are priceless that are remembered forever, the later years of freedom as the kids leave home, the experience of grandkids, all this collective history. When you look back on it all and you think, man, I could not have made it through it all without that lady right there or that man right there, then that’s true love. Love endures. Love is being afraid of what life will be like when he or she passes on before us. Can you say that about your spouse? If you can’t, then, please seek help for your marriage.


My wife and I have been married for seven years now and we have been together as a couple for almost a decade now. And, yes, that passion in our marriage now comes and goes. But she is my best friend I can honestly say. Sure, we have annoying little habits that we annoy each other with. But, I would not take anything for the relationship that we have. I enjoy being in her presence. We have communication where we can make each other laugh with just a quirky look. We have been across the country and back together. We have stories that define our relationship. We have dreams of our future that we both believe in. We have stories about our lives together than are priceless gems that bring smiles and laughter. We have history. When I think of life without her if she passed away, I would feel lost. She makes my life so easy. She takes care of me. She loves doing that. It is not a chore to her. Whatever would I do without her. We love each other in a basic soul kind of way. I know her soul and she knows mine. How could I ever live without that if she passes before me? That’s marriage. She is my best friend and when I think of the future events of life, she is there. It’s not just me there. She is there too. She is part of who I am at the soul level. Thus, future thoughts include her being by my side without question.


Marriage is important to God. There is no doubt about that. With that in mind, let’s read the passage, Deuteronomy 24:5-7, and for this morning let’s concentrate on Verse 5:


5 If a man has recently married, he must not be sent to war or have any other duty laid on him. For one year he is to be free to stay at home and bring happiness to the wife he has married.


6 Do not take a pair of millstones—not even the upper one—as security for a debt, because that would be taking a person’s livelihood as security.


7 If someone is caught kidnapping a fellow Israelite and treating or selling them as a slave, the kidnapper must die. You must purge the evil from among you.


Why do you think that God exempted men from pretty much all social responsibilities outside the home during the first year of marriage? It must be pretty important to God that a husband be home with his wife during this foundational time for a marriage. It was important to God that even though Israel was going to be at a constant state of conflict with some enemy that required a standing army that a man should have a formative time for his marriage to his wife. God sees marriage as the fabric that hold society together. If we don’t get it right from the beginning then society itself is in danger.


Much of the troubles that we see in today’s world is because marriage is no longer important as a life-long institution. We change marriages like we change underwear. We have kids with different names from their mother. We have kids with different names than their father. You need a scorecard to keep up with what kids belong to what marriage if the child was even born in wedlock to begin with. Our destruction of marriage as an institution is the basis of many of our social ills today. We have so cheapened marriage that is no longer the purview of just a man and a woman. Anybody can marry anybody today. I can marry a cat if I want to based on the way the Supreme Court’s ruling reads.


But real marriage, the lifelong commitment, the marriage that God intended between a man and his wife, that real marriage was what was so important to God that he made special provision for the incubation of it at its beginning. If God takes it take seriously so should we.


Let us be a people that holds out for the marriage that God intended for us. Let us be a people who marry because we have looked at the woman that we are in love with and we see best friend as much as we see lover. We see a person that touches our soul just by being beside us. Let us be a people that chooses our spouses wisely. Let us be a people that can love for the long-haul. Let us be a people who place the needs of the marriage before the needs of ourselves. Let us be a people that are purposeful about letting our spouses know that they really do touch our soul. Let us be a people that loves our spouses even when we are having disagreements. Let us be a people that submit ourselves to the good of our marriages. Let us be a people as Christ followers that people look at and say that’s the kind of marriage I want.


Marriage is of high importance to God. Marriage should be of equally high importance to us. So much so that we  choose our spouses wisely. So much so that we choose that person that we can be friends with outside the bedroom as well as in it. So much so that we see their happiness as important or more important than our own. So much so that we really just love them deep down in our soul. So much so that they complete us. So much so that we cannot imagine the past or the future without them.


As Jim Gallagher, pastor of Calvary Chapel in Vero Beach, FL, said in his blog entitled, “Happy Marriage,” says,


Whether you are a husband or a wife, perhaps it is time to make an effort to invest in the happiness of your spouse. Instead of thinking of all the ways you’ve been  disappointed,  why not spend time thinking of ways to pour love into your spouse, and see if the God who parts the seas, is able to put life into your relationship.


Amen and Amen.

Deuteronomy 24:5-7 (Part 1 of 4)

Miscellaneous Regulations

In this passage, Deuteronomy 24:5-7, we have what seems like a group of unrelated regulations. However, upon closer inspection, you can see that there is a common theme. It is about stealing property or liberty. God is concerned with our liberty.


This passage is a reminder that we, too, as Christians should be concerned about the people that we lead not just as people to get to do things for the church, but rather as real people with real stories to their lives. How often do we get frustrated with people in our ministries about the fact that they do not seem to care, that they are ambivalent about their opportunities to serve. Maybe, they have some real issues going on. What if they are just newly married? Maybe they need some time to figure out their new situation. What if they are oppressed by their debt and they are having to work two part time jobs in addition to the regular job and they just don’t have time to serve. Maybe, they are in an abusive relationship where their every move is scrutinized and controlled. Maybe, they are….


Do we know our people’s “maybe, they are…” Leading is more than just getting people to do what you want them to for you. Leading, particularly in church settings, is getting to know the people that you are charged with leading. Leading is understanding their problems. Leading is making sure that people do not have their liberty stolen away from them. Leading is fighting for their rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. We have often heard as ministry leaders that you cannot share the gospel with a hungry man until you feed him. We cannot expect to help people grow in Christ unless we get to know their back story. That was a point that we made in this blog yesterday. Everybody has a back story that we must get to know. Without knowing someone’s back story, we may jump to conclusions about what motivates a person that we lead. Just as we want people to understand our motivations so, too, we should attempt to understand what motivates each person that we lead. Yeah, that’s hard. But, that’s why leaders are few and the workers are many.


We are going to break this passage down into three other blogs after this one, but this morning, the overall sense that I got this morning was from a leadership perspective. Sometimes, we claim as leaders that people just don’t care. We complain about their apathy toward the church they attend when it comes to giving, serving, leading or whatever. Let’s read the passage, Deuteronomy 24:5-7, this morning from that perspective:


5 If a man has recently married, he must not be sent to war or have any other duty laid on him. For one year he is to be free to stay at home and bring happiness to the wife he has married.


6 Do not take a pair of millstones—not even the upper one—as security for a debt, because that would be taking a person’s livelihood as security.


7 If someone is caught kidnapping a fellow Israelite and treating or selling them as a slave, the kidnapper must die. You must purge the evil from among you.


As most of the detailed laws in Deuteronomy are expansions upon the general principles expressed in the Ten Commandments, this passage is no different. This trio of laws is an expansion upon the Eighth Commandment (You shall not steal). Verse 5 speaks to the fact that the military draft should not steal away a husband from his newly wedded wife and thus should not have that first year of wedding bliss stolen from her. Verse 6 states that collateral for loans must never affect a person’s means of sustaining life. Therefore, taking of a millstone used from grinding grain away from a person as collateral was far worse than taking the shirt off their back. Verse 7 speaks to stealing a person and making them slaves against their will (human trafficking). It is a particularly offensive crime and worthy of capital punishment. It is the only time that the Bible requires death as a punishment for theft.


A one-year exemption for the newly married would not only strengthen the marriage relationship and benefit the home, but would also help the morale of the army. God’s concern for full expression of liberty is shown through is concern for the tender time that there is when a couple first marries. It is a tender time where a husband and wife must learn the nuances of the one they married. It is essential time that must be nurtured and not stolen away.


Because loans were typically given to relieve the economic hardship of the borrower (23:19 note), the material given “in pledge” was likely not collateral property of value equal to the amount of the loan, but a personal possession given as a token of the promise to pay. In keeping with the purpose of the loan, the lender was not to cause further hardship to the borrower by confiscating essential items. God’s concern for full expression of liberty in our lives is shown here by ensuring that we are capable of earning a living even when we are in debt. Our debts should not be so oppressive that it steals our ability to live a normal life, that it does not steal our liberty away.


The chief purpose of kidnapping was the enslavement of others for profit. To sell fellow Israelites into slavery in other countries was forbidden on pain of death, probably because such slaves were cut off from the life of the covenant community (itself a form of “death,” Ex. 12:19 and Lev. 7:20 notes). Indentured slavery was allowed within Israel, but was tempered in several important ways. Paul condemns slave traders (“enslavers”) together with other violators of the Ten Commandments (1 Tim. 1:10). God’s concern for our liberty is shown here because He created us to be free and to have free will. God wants us to be free and not enslaved by others whether it be from racial slavery, sexual slavery, emotional or physical enslavement or domination by others. We are all created in God’s image and have dignity as a result. Although we may voluntarily place ourselves in service to others, we are never to be forced into a life of servitude. God’s concern for our liberty is on full display here.


We are, as Christians, to be concerned about the liberty of others, whether it be among the people we lead within the church or people outside our walls. We are to defend liberty of others. When we see wrong we are to try to right it. However, the only way that we come to care about the salient issues of people in our church or in the world at large is to get to know them. How do you think people come to fight the major issues of the day. It is usually because we have gotten to know someone who has been affected by that issue. As Christ followers, we should realize that Christianity is all about relationships and getting to know people’s back stories. We need to know more than a face that we see on Sunday morning. We need to know more than a face we see at a meeting. We need to know more about our neighbors, co-workers, and acquaitances. Some of them may be experiencing a personal hell and we not even know it. How did we come to Christ? Usually, it is because someone got to know us in our messed up life and shared the gospel with us. We must do the same with the people that we encounter. We cannot judge their apathy toward the church (for a believer) or toward Christ himself (for a non-believer) without knowing their back story. You may never know that this sinful world is stealing someone’s liberty away from them without getting to know that person. Everybody’s got a backstory. Everybody’s got something that weighs them down and prevents the full expression of the liberty that God intends for us.


Lord, help us to be like Jesus sitting at the well that day when He was tired and thirsty. However, even though he had His own problems and issues that day, He spoke to the woman at the well. Although as God in the flesh, he knew her back story, He took the time to get her to freely talk about it. Through that conversation, she became a Christ follower and affected a whole community for Christ. Jesus could have just asked her to perform a task for Him – get Him some water, but He engaged her. Got her talking. Led her to a relationship with Him.


Let us be like Christ. Let us care about people’s back stories. Let us learn about their problems and the things that oppress them. Let us be champions of their liberty. Let us be ones who care about what is behind the face we see. Let us really lead. Let us really care. Let us get our hands dirty in the messy lives of our people. For it is God’s intention to free them from their oppression and give them liberty that cannot be stolen.


Amen and Amen.



Deuteronomy 24:1-4

Regulations Concerning Divorce

When God called me to the ministry, I come with a handicap. No, other than not being the brightest bulb in the marquee and not a whole lot of experience in public speaking, I do not have any physical handicaps or any emotional ones. However, I do come to full-time ministry with a handicap. I am divorced. Some churches won’t even give me a second glance. No matter how good my qualifications are for any position. I am divorced. In the eyes of many churches, that is a disqualification. Door shut. Resume set on the “throw away” pile.


There was a seen from the movie, A Time to Kill, that seems apropos here. In one scene, the prosecuting attorney completely discredits the defense psychologist by attacking him for his own past. The prosecutor, played by Kevin Spacey, found out that the defense psychologist had been arrested for statutory rape in his younger days. The defense psychologist tried to cover it up on the stand but the prosecutor proved it and he had to admit on the stand. It was a devastating blow at that moment to the defense’s case. The defense attorney, played by Matthew McConaughey, in the next day’s action told the jury that he would have never knowingly put a rapist on the stand as a defense witness. He said it should matter that there was a back story to that arrest. The defense psychologist was 19 years old at the time and the girl was 17 years old. It should matter that the 17 year old girl became the man’s wife six months later. It should matter that they were married for 35 years and that she gave the man three wonderful children as a result of their marriage. Headlines don’t always give us the back story. We see headlines and don’t bother to delve into the details.


Automatically judging someone without a check under the hood seems unwise to me but that’s what happens in many search committees for pastoral or pastoral related positions. I am being held accountable for actions that I took or were forced upon me before I became a Christian. Shouldn’t the measure of who I am be how I carry myself since I became a Christ follower? I am not proud of my past. It is ugly and has warts. I lived a life not characterized by Christian values. I am not saying that I should not have to explain my past but I am saying I should get the opportunity to do so.


My first divorce was squarely before I came to Christ as my Savior. God was never part of the equation in that marriage even though we attended church at her family’s church – more of social club than a church. We were selfishly oriented people seeking to make the other comply with our wishes and we were willing to trash it all because of selfish desires. Although we reconciled after her affair, her drug abuse was my out for that marriage and led to my affair. We were not Christ followers and God was never part of our marriage from the beginning. My second marriage, born while the first one was crumbling, was not much different. It started without God at the center of it and it was not until after the marriage was crumbling under the weight my financial blunders and her affairs that resulted that I came to Christ as my Savior.


God has redeemed me from my past. I have now have a marriage, my third and final one, where God is at the center of it all. We are both Christ followers and it is our expectation that if we ever hit a rough spot that divorce will not, no longer or ever, be an option. We will work through those problems when and if they come. We are committed to the long haul. We know that grace has been given to us by Christ in our salvation and that we will give each other grace in our marriage. In our salvation, we have come to realize that the marriage is bigger than both of us. We should be molding ourselves to the ideal of marriage rather than trying to mold the other person into the perfection that we want. We have been through so much in our previous marriages and realize the mistakes that we have made, ourselves, in our previous marriages, that we do actually grant each other grace in this marriage. Our ministry is the redemptive power of God’s grace. Taking two people who have been married twice before and having their third marriage speak of what God can do when He is the center of it all. It speaks loudly to the fact that God redeems. It speaks loudly that God can use even the most flawed person to be a spokesman for His kingdom.


It is that handicap, that stigma of divorce, without knowing my story and my wife’s story, that I immediately thought of when I read today’s passage, Deuteronomy 24:1-4. How do we reconcile divorce, the reality that it is in our world, with the Christian worldview (based on the biblical evidence)? Let’s read through this passage and come to some conclusion about it after we have read it:


24 If a man marries a woman who becomes displeasing to him because he finds something indecent about her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce, gives it to her and sends her from his house, 2 and if after she leaves his house she becomes the wife of another man, 3 and her second husband dislikes her and writes her a certificate of divorce, gives it to her and sends her from his house, or if he dies, 4 then her first husband, who divorced her, is not allowed to marry her again after she has been defiled. That would be detestable in the eyes of the Lord. Do not bring sin upon the land the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance.


In this passage, we see the only Old Testament law that deals with divorce. The way it is written, with its “if…then” wording, suggests that Israelite society was already accepting of divorce. God is setting for regulations for something that was already a problem. He is not condoning it. He is simply regulating it now that the cat is out of the bag, the horse is out of the barn. This law is intended to restrict a practice that could lead to treating women as a commodity – to be traded like merchandise. Cavalier divorce would rob the Israelite wife not only of her dignity but also of her wealth. By divorcing his wife, an Israelite man would acquire solely the wedding dowry that the wife brought to the marriage. The wedding dowry was the Israelite father’s marriage gift to the daughter. It immediately became the property of her husband upon the consummation of the marriage. Thus, the law protects marriage by imparting a solemn gravity to divorce.


As I have stated many times, the laws of the Old Testament were set as a minimum of behavior expected of God’s people. Jesus told us that He did not come to abolish the law but rather to fulfill it. He came to give life to the law and set us free from its condemnation. He also came to teach us that we must obey the spirit of the law and not just the letter of it. He was saying that if we are believers that we must take the law and take it to the next level. For example, with regard to divorce, Jesus says that the law was created as a minimum of behavior. He says that that divorce is only in the law because of our fallen nature and that it is not an expectation of God. He says that the only reason that we should consider divorce is if there has been sexual immorality, nothing else. If both spouses are believers, then, sexual immorality is off the table and thus divorce is off the table.


Matthew 19:3-9

3 Some Pharisees came to him to test him. They asked, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any and every reason?”


4 “Haven’t you read,” he replied, “that at the beginning the Creator ‘made them male and female,’[a] 5 and said, ‘For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh’[b]? 6 So they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let no one separate.”


7 “Why then,” they asked, “did Moses command that a man give his wife a certificate of divorce and send her away?”


8 Jesus replied, “Moses permitted you to divorce your wives because your hearts were hard. But it was not this way from the beginning. 9 I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another woman commits adultery.”


Paul reiterates the higher level of expectation for believers that Jesus set before us. Paul expects us to reconcile our marriages even when the get into a hard place. Divorce simply should not be our first reaction. See what Paul says here:


1 Corinthian 7:10-14

10 To the married I give this command (not I, but the Lord): A wife must not separate from her husband. 11 But if she does, she must remain unmarried or else be reconciled to her husband. And a husband must not divorce his wife.


12 To the rest I say this (I, not the Lord): If any brother has a wife who is not a believer and she is willing to live with him, he must not divorce her. 13 And if a woman has a husband who is not a believer and he is willing to live with her, she must not divorce him. 14 For the unbelieving husband has been sanctified through his wife, and the unbelieving wife has been sanctified through her believing husband. 15 But if the unbeliever leaves, let it be so. The brother or the sister is not bound in such circumstances; God has called us to live in peace.


The only outs that the Bible thus gives us for divorce is if (1) there has been sexual immorality, (2) attempts to reconcile have failed and the non-believing spouse leaves the marriage. Believers are expected to try to reconcile their marriages even when one spouse is not a believer. If both are believers, forgiveness should be the hallmark of our behavior. If it takes a separation for an extended period of time, then, so be it but the idea for believers is to save their marriages. Sexual immorality is our only out for divorce as believers (when our spouse has committed the crime) but even then should we not exhibit grace instead of pride when it comes to our marriage. And if a so-called believer (either the spouse who has cheated or the spouse who was cheated upon) refuses to work on their marriage after adultery has occurred, then, the fruits of the spirit are not evident.


These are hard words in a world where we throw away spouses like we throw away soft drink bottles. Divorce is as rampant in the church as it is in the general public. It is a fact of life that we must deal with as people enter our doors. However, once we become Christ followers, we must see marriage as something that we don’t take lightly. Marriage is something that we must try to save at all costs. We must give grace and be given grace in marriage. We must think long and hard before we get married as Christ followers. Because as Christ followers, we are to be committed to our marriages for better, for worse, for richer, for poorer, in sickness and in health, until death parts us. No longer can we change spouses like we change underwear. We must see the good in our spouses and pray that they see the good in us. We must seek to forgive their weaknesses and pray that they forgive ours. We must pray for them daily and hope that they pray for us daily. Help us to be humbly in love with our spouses.


Yes, I am divorced. I have a past before I became a Christ follower. However, I am redeemed. My wife of 7 years is redeemed. Our marriage is a testament of God’s redeeming, reclaiming power. That preaches. That teaches. That shouts from the mountaintop of the redeeming power of the Lord that makes even the foulest clean.


Amen and Amen.

Deuteronomy 23:24-25

Alleviating Hunger


There was a song, released in 1970, by a group called the Five Man Electrical Band entitled “Signs” where part of the lyrics said this:


And the sign said anybody caught trespassin’ would be shot on sight

So I jumped on the fence and-a yelled at the house

“Hey! What gives you the right?”

“To put up a fence to keep me out or to keep mother nature in”

“If God was here he’d tell you to your face, man, you’re some kinda sinner”


It was definitely a protest song against the status quo of the establishment culture. All of us are about protecting our property nowadays and preventing others from stealing it or enjoying it without our permission. Written by Five Man Electrical Band lead singer Les Emmerson, this song is a prescient look at class divisions and property rights. Emmerson wrote the song after taking a road trip on Route 66 in California, where he noticed a plethora of billboards that obscured the beautiful scenery. This posed a question: Who is allowed to put up signs that interfere with nature? This led to another query: Who gets to make the rules that appear on so many signs? The song gave voice to those without power or property rights, which in many cases, were the young and the poor. Our society has become less about caring for one another and more about amassing property and protecting it.


Don’t get me wrong, I am a Republican and I believe in hard work and I do not believe in creating classes of people who lose the value of hard work through governmental support programs. There should be, in my mind, no permanent government help programs. All of them should be designed in such a way to push people back toward independence. There should be no government programs that perpetuate dependence on the programs themselves. There should be no government programs that create a class of people who have no desire or incentive to go back to work. There should be no government programs that are so attractive in the benefits that they provide that it is a penalty for a person to get a real job making real wages and paying real taxes. Except for a couple of very short periods of unemployment, I have worked continually since I was age 14. I have always wanted to work and worked hard at whatever I have had as a job. Therefore, having sympathy for those who seem unwilling or desirous of working for a wage, whatever that may be, just blows my mind. I realized at my first job, at the Furman University Dining Hall, cleaning up after snotty nosed rich kids that I did not want this to be my life. It began a journey of working hard to continually better my skills, education, and experience. I realized then that the minimum wage is just a starting place and that if I wanted more I needed get more experience, education and skills to move beyond where I started from. I never saw the Furman Dining Hall as a career destination.


Having said all that, we do now live in a society of government programs for this and government programs for that. Our federal and state governments are behemoths now compared to what they were just say 75 years ago. We now look for the government to take care of the gaps in the social fabric. It did not used to be that way. There was a day when we churches and families took care of their own and took care of people in the community. We complain about the size of government and how some government programs perpetuate dependence on the government.


Somewhere along the way, we forgot how to share our wealth with one another. We became a nation of fenced in subdivisions. Enclosed communities with fences and signs everywhere. We have become a nation of alarm systems to protect all the toys that we have amassed. We have become a nation where we are protecting our stuff rather than sharing what we have. We have become a nation that on average gives 2% of our income to our churches even though we have been commanded to give much more. No wonder the churches can no longer serve the poor. We have become a nation where charity has to have spotlights shined upon us as we give. We no longer are a nation of Christian charity.


That song by The Five Man Electrical Band was what popped into my head when I read this passage for today, Deuteronomy 23:24-25:


24 If you enter your neighbor’s vineyard, you may eat all the grapes you want, but do not put any in your basket. 25 If you enter your neighbor’s grain field, you may pick kernels with your hands, but you must not put a sickle to their standing grain.


In this passage, this remarkable law indicates that ultimately the Lord owns Israel’s land. Thus, providing for the poor from our land is recognition that we are simply stewards of the bounty that the Lord provides us. It is also a warning to those who benefit from our charitable giving from our bounty not to abuse the privilege. When hungry, we may rely on the farmer to provide for our needs but we should get only what we need to alleviate our immediate hunger and should not steal the entire harvest of the farmer. We may get what we need for the moment but we are not to set ourselves up for the winter. We did not work for the grain that the farmer produced so we have no right to take more than only what is necessary to get us by – alleviating our immediate hunger.


Therefore, this passage is both charitable and responsible at the same time. We are commanded to be generous with the bounty that we have been given. God expects us to use our bounty, our wealth, to solve problems of hunger and poverty. We are called to share our wealth rather than hoard it. We are called to give succor to the poor and the widows and the downtrodden rather than hoard our wealth behind fences and alarms. We are called to live simply and be generous. We are called to take care of the hungry in our midst. We are called to do more than buy big screen TVs, buy Alexas so that we don’t have to lift a finger to do research, buy cars that can park themselves, boats, and jet skis, pools behind fences, five computers, and five cell phones. We are called to be a generous people not people who need fences and alarms to protect all the crap we buy and think we need.


At the same time, those of us who need assistance, should not think that we are entitled to millionaire lifestyles without doing the work necessary to gain that lifestyle. We need to end a generation of people thinking that McDonalds should provide you with $15 an hour. We need to raise a generation that sees McDonalds for what it is – a place to start. We must teach the value of hard work to the next generation. We must build government programs to be what they were intended to be – temporary stop-gap measures while people figured out how to get back on their feet. We must not think that people who have worked hard and earn good money as the enemy. We should aspire to be like those who have put in the hard work and effort to get where they are.


We are called to be a charitable people as Christ followers. We are called to be generous. We are called to help set others on their feet and not leave that job to the government. We are called to get out from behind our fences and alarms and be in the world and using our bounty and blessing to solve real problems in our world. We are called to give rather than gather. We are called to give rather than amass all the toys we can. We are called to give to others sacrificially just as Jesus gave to us through His sacrifice on the cross. We are called to be so generous that our churches can actually help any person that needs it in ou community rather than think its somebody else’s job. We are called to be generous by God. Ultimately, He is the Creator and it is from Him that our talents are given. It is from our talents that we earn our livings. Therefore, it all comes from him. Why then are we so intent on seeing it as ours and whomever has the most toys at the end wins? Be generous. Be uncommonly caring for those in need around you. But let us help in ways that will set people up for independence rather than dependence. And let us be people who, when in need, take only the charity necessary to get ourselves back on our feet.


Wise counsel from the Lord in two very short verses.


Amen and Amen.

Deuteronomy 23:21-23

Making Vows to God


According to Webster’s dictionary, the English word, “vow”, is a solemn promise or assertion by which one binds themselves to an act, a service, or a condition. How often do we make vows to God? How often do we keep them? I swear to God that I will never drink again. I swear to God that I will take my school work more seriously. I swear to God that I will get up and exercise every morning. I swear to God that I will read my Bible daily. I swear to God that I will make better food choices and lose weight. These are some of the vows we say before the Lord. Most of these are rarely kept. We aspire to greatness but rarely put for the discipline or the effort to keep the vows that we make.


Aspiring for the greatness that we claim in our vows requires discipline and effort. One of the most important vows that we express in life are our wedding vows. Since I come from a Protestant tradition, our standard wedding vows are this:


“I, ___, take thee, ___, to be my wedded husband/wife, to have and to hold, from this day forward, for better, for worse, for richer, for poorer, in sickness and in health, to love and to cherish, till death do us part, according to God’s holy ordinance; and thereto I pledge thee my faith [or] pledge myself to you.”


It seems though this is just another vow we no longer take seriously. It is one that we break with impunity these days just like saying “I swear I will get up and exercise every weekday morning!” We start off nicely with our exercise regimen. Then we miss a day. Then two. Then tree and all of sudden we are no longer setting the alarm and we are sleeping in til the last possible moment just like we used to do. In today’s America, 50% of all marriages end in divorce. The statistics get worse with each subsequent marriage that a person enters into. We no longer take the vows that we make before the Lord seriously. There is a whole lot of lawyers out there that make their living solely from the breaking of our marriage vows. Divorce law is a $28 Billion a year industry.


Maybe, if we took as much time and money getting into marriages as we do on divorces, we would have fewer divorces. Maybe if we took the wedding vows seriously, we would think twice about getting married and think twice about throwing away our marriages. God would rather us not make vows before Him if we do not intend to expend the effort and the discipline to keep them. He says as much in today’s passage, Deuteronomy 23:21-23:


21 If you make a vow to the Lord your God, do not be slow to pay it, for the Lord your God will certainly demand it of you and you will be guilty of sin. 22 But if you refrain from making a vow, you will not be guilty. 23 Whatever your lips utter you must be sure to do, because you made your vow freely to the Lord your God with your own mouth.


Breaking a vow amounts to withholding a pledge from God so it is important for us to keep them to the point of not making the vow in the first place if we are not going to keep them.


Let’s go back to our wedding vows. Let’s look at each part and see if we are willing to make this vow before God and these witnesses.


To have and to hold – this is a promise of not only of exclusive sexual intimacy but in intimacy period. Without being intimate with one another outside the bedroom, there is no intimacy in the bedroom. We must see what the emotional needs of our spouses are and meet them. Many of us see our marriages as one-way streets and they so are not. Marriage is a two-way street. We must meet our spouses needs on their terms not ours. True intimacy comes from saying to ourselves that this marriage is about me meeting your needs. Sounds doormat-ish but it is really not. When we go out of our way to meet the needs of our spouse on their terms, a funny thing happens. They return the favor. Whether they do or not is not the predicating point of love. Jesus loved us so much that He died on the cross for us not caring whether or not we reciprocated His love by accepting Him as our Savior. He loved us anyway.


From this day forward – that means just what it says. From this point onward. Not just til we get a better offer from a newer, younger looking version. We vow before God to have and to hold from this day forward. That is an open-ended vow. This day forward. This means today and all the days that follow. This means that even when things get tough, when things get boring, when things get hurtful, we stick to it. The only athletes in professional sports that become legends are the ones that work just as hard at their craft 10 years into their careers as they did when they first got drafted into the pros. Sometimes, these athletes actually work harder 10 years in. When they were fresh out of college and at the height of the physical capabilities, it all came naturally. It was easy to train. It was easy. Later in their careers when their bodies are slowing down and after years of the bruises, bangs, and injuries that come from professional sports, they must work harder to maintain peak physical condition. They must work harder and play smarter to continue to compete at a high level. We must do the same in our marriages. Sometimes, we must work harder to keep our marriage performance at a high level. Sometimes, because of the bumps and bruises of life and within our marriages, it is not as easy as it once was. That is when we must take this vow of “this day forward” most seriously. When the oo-la-la of marriage goes away, and it will and it does, that’s when we must work harder at just loving our spouse. Taking a vow to stay married means loving unconditionally and accepting unconditionally. Take a look at your future spouse right now and ask yourself, is this a person I can find joy with 20 years from now after seeing them at the best and their worst? If not, then, run. Don’t make that vow!


The rest of the vows are offshoots from these basic vows. If we cannot get these first two right then the rest are meaningless. For better, for worse, for richer, for poorer, in sickness and in health, until death parts us. If we cannot make our marriages about meeting the needs, all of them, of our spouse and being committed to that effort for the rest of our lives, then we will fail miserably at the better and worse, and the richer and poorer, and the sickness and the health, and we won’t make it to the death parts us part. Marriage is not about us. Marriage is about loving someone so much that we dedicate our lives to meeting their needs. This is so antithetical to our modern sensibilities. Everything is about meeting our needs and getting the world to bend to our way of thinking. It’s all about us. We think that about marriage too! Marriage is not about us. It is about the person that we love. It is symbolic of Jesus’ love for us,  His church. Our marriages should not be about us. It should be about loving someone so much that we make our lives about meeting their needs. In the process of putting the needs of our spouse first, we learn something about selfless love and it changes us and makes us into a person that our spouse wants to please. Funny how that works. In giving ourselves up to the greater good of our marriage, we find that we get our needs meet – when we no longer see getting our needs met as our top priority.


Let us begin to be a people that takes our vows before God seriously. Let us be a people with the discipline and the effort to keep our vows. Let it begin in our marriages. Let us be a generation that begins to put divorce lawyers out of business. Let us shrink the demand for divorce lawyers. Let us be vow-keepers…beginning in our marriages. Let us remember that it is a vow before the Lord…not just some flippant thing we do. It is from this day forward a vow to the Lord.


Amen and Amen.

Deuteronomy 23:19-20

Charging Interest on Loans


Although I now have a credit score that I am very proud of, through hard work on my debts and simply being wise about new, bright and shiny, it was not that long ago that my financial situation was a horrid one. Stupid financial decisions in my past, divorces, repossessions and you have a credit score in the 400s. Getting loans for anything was almost impossible and interest rates were high when I was able to get a loan. When I was going through my second divorce in 2004 and from then until say 2007 was my low point from a credit perspective. With all the things that you have to pay for during a divorce combined with maintaining two houses and some stupid purchases, there was time that I had no choice but to get payday loans. You know those places where you get a $300 loan for two weeks and then have to pay them back $315 in two weeks. Sounds innocuous enough. But you get several of those going at one time and living from paycheck to paycheck you can get over your head pretty quickly. You can’t afford to lose $300 out of your next paycheck so you renew the loan and pay back $315 again on the next paycheck. It was a maddening cycle that was hard to get out of. Luckily, it was a cycle that I was eventually able to get out of, but there are those who are not so lucky.


If you do the calculations, $15 interest for two weeks is the equivalent of 130% annual interest rate. Payday loans are legal usury because they do not call it interest. The money you have to pay back are called fees, not interest. Call it what you will. It’s interest. Then, there are the lenders in the high-risk loan market. They have 15% interest on loans all the way up to 30% interest. These are what they call predatory lenders. Predatory lending is any lending practice that imposes unfair or abusive loan terms on a borrower. It is also any practice that convinces a borrower to accept unfair terms through deceptive, coercive, exploitative or unscrupulous actions for a loan that a borrower doesn’t need, doesn’t want or can’t afford. These lenders typically service the low-end of the credit market and charge high interest on loans to typically the people that can least afford to pay high interest. They prey upon the poor.


It is this type of lending that I thought of when I read this passage today. There were two things that I thought of when I read it. First, how can one work for companies like that and, two, what people must do to get out of these cycles of debt craziness. Let’s read the passage together now:


19 Do not charge a fellow Israelite interest, whether on money or food or anything else that may earn interest. 20 You may charge a foreigner interest, but not a fellow Israelite, so that the Lord your God may bless you in everything you put your hand to in the land you are entering to possess.


Some recent writers on this law have thought that it forbids the putting out of money to interest. But it is noticeable that in both the previous passages referred to (in Exod. and Lev.) the loan is supposed to be made to a “poor man” in “real distress.” Usury in such cases means oppression; and so it is proved to be by the examples given in Nehemiah 5:2-5; Nehemiah 5:10-12. The Mosaic law against usury does not belong to commerce with other nations; it is part of the protections of the poor that are intrinsic to Mosaic law.


When I look back on my time when my credit was lousy and I had to seek business with predatory lenders, it really amazed me how people could, in good conscience, work for such companies that preyed on those who could least afford high interest rates. In these loan houses, you get commission off the number and value of loans you generate for your location. Thus, high pressure and unscrupulous tactics are the norm. These companies reward the most unscrupulous volume generators which reinforces the behavior. High pressure sales tactics, harassment of customers with loans when they get behind, repossession of property. It’s all so ugly. At the same token, those of us who have been customers of such loan vendors have to share the blame as well. These customers want new and shiny things like everybody else has.


That factor is not limited to poor folks and/or others with poor credit ratings. Even when we have good credit, our society is built on consumerism. We all want new, bright and shiny. We all want the newest, next thing. The typical American family no matter their social status lives off more than they make. A raise means we spend more. We want the newest house. The newest car. The newest toys. We make fun of those who have to swim at the bottom of the barrel with these predatory lenders. But, all of us are just a couple of missed payments, a repossession away from dealing with them ourselves.


Let us become a people who learns that creating margin in our finances is what God wants for us. He wants us not to be a slave to our debtors. He wants money to work for us and not vice versa. Let us become a people who learns to live on 90% or less of what we earn. Let us have that breathing room where we can not have to worry how we are going to pay next week’s bills. Let us find our value not in things but in God. Let us be God’s children who buys what we need instead of everything we want. Let us be a people who can be generous to friends and neighbors and family in need. Maybe, these predatory lenders would be pushed out of business if we were not so much like the culture where we ourselves are slaves to our debt payments. Help us to be that people. Let us be a people who are obedient to God when it comes to our finances. God does not want our finances to rule us. He wants us to be wise with our money so that we will have breathing room in our lives. He wants us to worship Him and not our debt payments.


Amen and Amen.

Deuteronomy 23:17-18

Earnings of a Temple Prostitute


This passage is pretty straightforward and the Bible in totality is pretty straightforward on its stance on prostitution. Let’s just look at a few of the passages from other parts of the Bible:


Leviticus 19:29 “Do not defile your daughter by making her a prostitute, or the land will be filled with prostitution and wickedness.


Leviticus 21:9 “If a priest’s daughter defiles herself by becoming a prostitute, she also defiles her father’s holiness.


Proverbs 23:27-28 for a prostitute is like a deep pit; a harlot is like a narrow well. Indeed, she lies in wait like a robber, and increases the unfaithful among men.


1 Corinthians 6:15-16 Don’t you realize that your bodies are actually parts of Christ? Should a man take his body, which is part of Christ, and join it to a prostitute? Never! And don’t you realize that if a man joins himself to a prostitute, he becomes one body with her? For the Scriptures say, “The two are united into one.”


1 Thessalonians 4:3-4 It is God’s will that you keep away from sexual sin as a mark of your devotion to him. Each of you should know that finding a husband or wife for yourself is to be done in a holy and honorable way,


So, the Bible is pretty clear here. Prostitution (whether it be male or female) is an abomination to the Lord. Supporting the industry through uses the services of a prostitute is just as sinful as participating in the industry. Therefore, to extend that analogy, the Bible, in this passage, that earnings made from this sinful activity should not be brought into His House and offered to the Lord.


One of the main points of my daily blog is to try to relate Bible passages to daily living either through examples from my own life or through the lives of others. So, today, let’s play, “what if…” As the finance director at my church, this is a very potent question that I am going to pose. As you may know from my previous blogs, my church, LifeSong Church, is what they call a “seeker church”. We specialize, it seems, in bringing in people to our church that (1) have been away from church for a very long time, or (2) never have been to church at all in their life, ever. As a result, less mature Christians tend not to get the whole “obedience to the Lord” thing when it comes to money – at least not right away, it comes with time and experience as a Christ follower. Thus, our finances at church are sometimes a struggle. We run a very bare bones operation as a result. So, that sets up the question nicely.


What would we do if say the owner of Platinum Plus over in Greenville, or Nikita’s Place right here in the Lyman area, or the owner of Cheetahs down in Atlanta walked into our church and plopped down a briefcase full of cash totaling $500,000 (which would fund about 64% of our budget for the current year)? What if the owner had no strings attached to it? He just says that he had heard good things about our church and what we do in the community. He even mentions that he remembered seeing on our sign by the road a year or so ago that “sinners, thieves, prostitutes, beggars are welcome here!” He liked that! He just wanted to give us some help from the proceeds of his business. No matter what you say to dress up the strip club image, it is a prelude to prostitution (as the recent shutdown and arrests that were made at Platinum Plus over in Greenville). What would you do as director of finance at a church that struggles financially? What would you do if you were the senior pastor of such a church? Would you accept the money and praise God? Would you accept the money and rationalize that in the church’s hands even the dirtiest money can become holy? What would you do?


Let’s go to Scripture and see what it has to say:


17 No Israelite man or woman is to become a shrine prostitute. 18 You must not bring the earnings of a female prostitute or of a male prostitute[a] into the house of the Lord your God to pay any vow, because the Lord your God detests them both.


Male and female prostitution was often practiced in worship centers to pagan gods due to the belief that this type of activity would increase fertility. A portion of the fees earned by the temple prostitutes were donated to the upkeep of the temple. This practice was strictly forbidden in Israel but because the Israelites often strayed from God, they did often participate in the practice.


So, here, God says that those that participate in prostitution and earn money from it are not to bring their sinful gains into God’s holy presence. It seems pretty clear that what we should do in the scenario presented. Even though the church could make good use of the money and fund outreach ministries in ways that we struggle to attain now, we would have to refuse the 500 grand. But wait, you say. Are we supposed to be loving and accepting of people who have a past! That’s what our sign by the road will sometimes say when we use the tag line, “Sinners, prostitutes, thieves…welcome here!” Why would we welcome them but not accept their money?


It seems fairly clear that we must determine if a person is repentant or just trying to assuage their guilt. Sometimes, people give to the church to sanctify their own sinful behaviors. I made money through sinful means but since I tithed on my gains, then, it must be OK. How much tainted money goes into our offering plates each Sunday? When we see people who participating in sin but refuse to call it sin, then, we must draw a line. If a pimp refuses to repent of his sin and refuses to see that what he is doing is wrong, then, we must refuse his money. I think that God is saying the same thing in this passage, if you are participating in sin and refusing to repent of it but yet you bring your tainted offerings to me, I will not accept it and particularly because you go right back out there and participate in your sin.


I think though if that same pimp walks into the church and tells me or my senior pastor that God has convicted him of his lifestyle as sinful, that he no longer wants to participate in it, and instead of living off his gains from his sinful past, he would just rather the church have it and use it to reach people for Christ? I think that’s a game changer there. That’s repentance. Same money, but a repentant soul! Matthew 21:31-32 tells us this: “Which of the two obeyed his father?” They replied, “The first.” Then Jesus explained his meaning: “I tell you the truth, corrupt tax collectors and prostitutes will get into the Kingdom of God before you do. For John the Baptist came and showed you the right way to live, but you didn’t believe him, while tax collectors and prostitutes did. And even when you saw this happening, you refused to believe him and repent of your sins.” Repentance is everything.


That leads us to a broader question that we can take away today. What are you and I refusing to repent of? What are you and I saying is OK but is really sin? What sins do we justify as OK and then go into the house of God and worship and refuse to repent! What is that thing that you join in with the culture around us and say that it is no longer sin and it is OK when the Bible clearly stands against it? What sins are you and I calling good and wholesome but are clearly against God’s Word? Are you participating in sins that are clearly stated in God’s Word as being an abomination but yet you justify in your mind why it is not a sin for you?


We are called to repentance! We are called to humble ourselves before the Lord and repent of our sins and turn away from them! He can redeem the most unholy of behaviors but repentance and a turning away must come first. As Charles Wesley stated in the song, O For A Thousand Tongues to Sing, “He can make the foulest clean!” and “new life the dead receive!”. The Bible tells us that “If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness” (1 John 1:9).



Have you ever wondered why God is not blessing you or blessing your church? What is it that we must repent of? What sins are we participating in that we are saying is not sin? Let us search our hearts for our pet sins that we justify as being OK. Let us bring them out into the light. Let us call our sins as what they are – sins. Let us beg mercy before the Lord. Let us repent of our sins and move forward into God’s grace and God’s blessing.


Amen and Amen.

Deuteronomy 23:15-16

Shelter to Oppressed Slaves

As you know, I am a Southern boy and am proud of my Southern heritage. I am very proud of the certain aspects of the Southern heritage. Honor. Integrity. Doing the right thing because of honor regardless of the personal cost. Family. Community. Unashamed faith in Jesus Christ. We are a unique people, Southerners are. Even Southern blacks are different from black people from other parts of the country. There is just something unique about us.


I am equally proud too that the South of the 21st century is about economic progress for all as much as anything else. There is a pragmatism about Southern blacks and whites these days. We do not riot and burn down cities here because we are pragmatic people, both black and white. For years and decades, the South lagged behind the rest of the country in economic development. Southerners in the latter quarter of the 20th century and here in the 21st century have learned that it’s the economy, stupid! When the water rises all boats are lifted. Therefore, Southerners are all about working and bringing in jobs so that we do not live in states where there is a large class of people, black or white, dependent on the government. We don’t burn down our towns because it’s bad for business. I was never so proud of being Southern in the 21st century than I was in how the world watched Charleston in the aftermath of the shootings at Emmanuel AME Church. Anywhere outside of the South, riots would have occurred. The reaction in Charleston was to come together and say that one person’s evil was not going to destroy our town. We have fought hard over the last 50-60 years to shed our past in the South. And Charleston, one of the epicenters of the slave trade in a different set of centuries, showed the world that Christian love is the answer to evil. It was, too, as practical as it was theological. Southerners are practical people and the violence and destruction of Henderson, MO drives away people and business. For decades, businesses stayed away from the South because of institutional racism and we don’t want it said of us that business will stay away.


As a 21st century Southerner, I love the things about our past that are pure and honorable, but I am realistic about the scourge that kept people away from South and isolated us for centuries. Some old-school, redneck Southerners (a vanishing breed) want to ignore racial slavery. Although we are generations removed from actual slavery, we are only decades removed from remnant it left behind after slavery was outlawed, institutional racism. We work hard in the South now to ensure that everyone has a fair shot because of our past. Although we in the South do not care for “playing the race card” in situations where it’s just not justified, I do think that the South of today is far different from what it once was. We embrace our past but it is horrid nature of slavery and institutional racism that drives us to be the best place for business and the best place to live now. Some old school Southerners want to ignore the negatives of the past and glorify the past in all its aspects but pragmatic Southerners are driven by the ugliness of our past to make the present South an inviting place to live, work and play. It seems to be working. The South is very business friendly. The South, what was once the poorest area  of the country, is now the fifth largest economy in the world. The majority of the fastest growing cities in the country are in the South. Opportunity is here and it is hard to do that without people perceiving that the South has changed.


The fact remains though that slavery was here. It was ugly and it was wrong. The Bible was even used to justify slavery and institutional racism in a sick and twisted attempt to justify owning and oppressing people of a different race. Everything we do in the South now is to get beyond our past. It was wrong and most people of Southern heritage and intelligence in the 21st century will admit that it is that stain that we try our best to get beyond with each passing decade. Charleston is proof that we love our heritage but we will not let our past define our response to the present and future.  Slavery based solely on the color of someone’s skin was wrong and we know it. No matter how you try to justify the practice as part of our historical past, it was wrong. Using the Bible to justify it was wrong and a sin in and of itself. The fact that the South of today is a magnet for business and people is proof of the change in the South. Yet, it was our dogged determination to cling to our slavery and subsequent institutional racism of the past that kept people away until we admitted it was wrong and changed the society.


The contrast of the South that I know, love and am extremely proud of today and the ugliness that slavery was to the South was what I thought of when I read these two simple verses this morning in Deuteronomy 23:15-16. Let’s read it together now:


15 If a slave has taken refuge with you, do not hand them over to their master. 16 Let them live among you wherever they like and in whatever town they choose. Do not oppress them.


Runaway slaves, here in this passage, were to receive asylum and freedom. When slavery leads to oppression and loss of dignity, Israel was to give asylum to such persons. Israel was to treat those who had indentured themselves to others as having the rights of any other human being. Implicit in the fact that a slave in Israel might run away was an indication of the fact that the slaveholder had become abusive of the slave’s rights to dignity and honor as is required to all who are made in the image of God – and that’s all of us.


There is a tendency to look at slavery as something of the past. But it is estimated that there are today over 27 million people in the world who are subject to slavery: forced labor, sex trade, inheritable property, etc. As those who have been redeemed from the slavery of sin, followers of Jesus Christ should be the foremost champions of ending human slavery in the world today. The question arises, though, why does the Bible not speak out strongly against slavery? Why does the Bible, in fact, seem to support the practice of human slavery?


The Bible does not specifically condemn the practice of slavery. It gives instructions on how slaves should be treated (Deuteronomy 15:12-15; Ephesians 6:9; Colossians 4:1), but does not outlaw slavery altogether. Many see this as the Bible condoning all forms of slavery. What many fail to understand is that slavery in biblical times was very different from the slavery that was practiced in the past few centuries in many parts of the world. The slavery in the Bible was not based exclusively on race. People were not enslaved because of their nationality or the color of their skin. In Bible times, slavery was based more on economics; it was a matter of social status. People sold themselves as slaves when they could not pay their debts or provide for their families. In New Testament times, sometimes doctors, lawyers, and even politicians were slaves of someone else. Some people actually chose to be slaves so as to have all their needs provided for by their masters.


The slavery of the past few centuries was often based exclusively on skin color and was forced slavery against the person’s will. In the United States, many black people were considered slaves because of their origin on the continent of Africa; many slave owners truly believed black people to be inferior human beings.


Let us be clear. The Bible condemns race-based slavery in that it teaches that all men are created by God and made in His image (Genesis 1:27). At the same time, the Old Testament did allow for economic-based slavery and regulated it. The key issue is that the slavery the Bible allowed for in no way resembled the racial slavery that plagued our world in the past few centuries.


In addition, both the Old and New Testaments condemn the practice of “man-stealing,” which is what happened in Africa in the 19th century. Africans were rounded up by slave-hunters, who sold them to slave-traders, who brought them to the New World to work on plantations and farms. This practice is abhorrent to God. In fact, the penalty for such a crime in the Mosaic Law was death: “Anyone who kidnaps another and either sells him or still has him when he is caught must be put to death” (Exodus 21:16). Similarly, in the New Testament, slave-traders are listed among those who are “ungodly and sinful” and are in the same category as those who kill their fathers or mothers, murderers, adulterers and perverts, and liars and perjurers (1 Timothy 1:8–10).


Another crucial point is that the purpose of the Bible is to point the way to salvation, not to reform society. The Bible often approaches issues from the inside out. If a person experiences the love, mercy, and grace of God by receiving His salvation, God will reform his soul, changing the way he thinks and acts. A person who has experienced God’s gift of salvation and freedom from the slavery of sin, as God reforms his soul, will realize that enslaving another human being is wrong. He will see, with Paul, that a slave can be “a brother in the Lord” (Philemon 1:16). A person who has truly experienced God’s grace will in turn be gracious towards others. That would be the Bible’s prescription for ending slavery.


The runaway slave here in this passage is also symbolic of the asylum from sin that Jesus Christ provides us. Yes, we have sold ourselves into slavery to Satan through our sins and we will forever be slaves were it not for our ability to run to Jesus Christ and find refuge. Once we find him and run to him, we are no longer slaves to sin and to Satan. We are free in Him. We can lead lives of freedom through Jesus Christ. He cancels the debt that made us slaves to Satan. We are free now to run as free men. We are no longer a slave to fear. We are a child of God.


That too is the thing that I think that I see in the South today. Today, we are a society that is no longer bound by its past history of ugliness. We are now free from the sins of the past. We are living in a new era of freedom and prosperity. Why are people coming to the South in droves now? We had shed our sinful past and now live in a region that is seen as a region of opportunity, a region of growth, a region rejuvenated by its new life by shedding its old one. Yes, there were good things bout the South that we keep and revere but we have shed the ugliness that once was and embrace the power that is the economic engine of the South. Even though we had great qualities about us in the past, the stain was the stain and it prevented us from becoming what we could become.


Isn’t that the idea. Redemption. We remember the sins of our past. They are part of our story. But we are redeemed in Christ. No longer can our past be held against us. We are now free in Christ. We can now flourish when we admit that we are sinners and beg Jesus to give us asylum in Him. In Him, we become a new person, a free person.


Amen and Amen.

Deuteronomy 23:9-14

Keeping the Camp Holy


Who says the Bible is not just as practical as it is high-brow theology? Here we have a passage about wet dreams and poop! The practicality thing is certainly evidence of God’s concern for holiness in every day life. Deuteronomy is full of real life applications of the Ten Commandments, the central core of the Old Testament. This passage is no different.


Real life application and high brow theology hand in hand is part of the beauty of the Old Testament. It kind of reminds me of the differences between my brother and me when we were growing up, particularly in middle school and high school. My brother was and is smarter than me. He has an eidetic memory, much like the character, Sheldon, on the show, Big Bang Theory. He can retain and store facts and figures in volume with ease. I am no slouch academically but I have to work pretty hard at it. Academic accomplishments for me are a thing of pride because they are result of dedication, planning, and hard work. Whereas, for my brother, it all seems to come naturally. In school, because he was so superior intellectually to most, he had the fatal flaw of flaunting his intelligence upon others. He has tempered that through hard knocks and experience over the years, but back then, he was full-on Sheldon. He was an academician in a teen world that disdained academicians. He failed to see the connection between being a brainiac and his inability to fit in socially. He was his own worst enemy. Everything, every moment was an opportunity to him to prove how smart he was to others. It was a thing of pride for him to prove he was the smartest person in the room. As a result, high school was not very friendly to my brother. Intellgencia without social application is a recipe for lonely high school years.


On the other hand, although I was not and still am not as smart as my brother, I did not my academics seriously. I studied hard. I had good grades throughout school. However, I was better at social skills than my brother. I was always able to make friends and fit in. I was able to be quietly intelligent but socially acceptable. I had the ability to be smart but be social. I was able to apply my knowledge to social situations without it seeming to be me lording my intelligence over others. As Sheldon’s mom told Sheldon once, “People don’t like that!” Whereas, I was not too far behind my brother in natural intelligence, my high school years were a whole lot of fun. Even now, even though I have two masters degrees and am in pursuit of my doctorate, I still have the ability to relate to people easily. I often tell people that I am just a redneck with two master’s degrees. After watching the brutality of my brother’s high school years, it was always important to me to have practical intelligence. Being able to relate to people and real life situations without coming off as a brainiac is something I take pride in. Practical application of high-minded knowledge is important to social function, I have learned. That is one of the things that I love my recent academic pursuits is that I am learning so much about the Bible and the beautiful theology of the Christian faith but yet being able to translate that in to a discussion with a friend or with a class about, for example, biblical financial principles. Seeing people begin to grasp the theology of obedience while learning practical money management techniques is a beautiful thing.


That difference between theology and practical application was a necessary thought when we meet this passage. It is about as practical as it gets. But we will see how the practical does tie into the theology of God as we tie this blog up after we read the passage, Deuteronomy 23:9-14:


9 When you are encamped against your enemies, keep away from everything impure. 10 If one of your men is unclean because of a nocturnal emission, he is to go outside the camp and stay there. 11 But as evening approaches he is to wash himself, and at sunset he may return to the camp.


12 Designate a place outside the camp where you can go to relieve yourself. 13 As part of your equipment have something to dig with, and when you relieve yourself, dig a hole and cover up your excrement. 14 For the Lord your God moves about in your camp to protect you and to deliver your enemies to you. Your camp must be holy, so that he will not see among you anything indecent and turn away from you.


The high theology here is that God is the Divine Warrior who guarded and protected Israel in battle. Therefore, the battle camps of the Israelites had to be holy. Nothing impure could be in camp. We see in Joshua 7:1-26 that we bring inpurities into camp, God will withdraw his holy protection from Israel. Achan’s disobedience and the bringing of impurity in the camp as a result brought defeat of the Israelites at the Battle of Ai. That’s what this passage is about – keeping God’s camp holy.


Wet dreams are often about lust for women that are not our wives. So there is a practicality there, we must admit our sin and remove ourselves from camp when we have impure sexual thoughts and repent of those thoughts before we can come into God’s presence once again. Having thoughts on other things that we want to pursue other than the battle that God has in front of us is to take focus off what God has us to do. When we dabble in sins and justify them as OK, God will withdraw his blessing on our lives and our ministries.


Not defecating in camp. Going outside of camp to defecate and then covering it up just makes sense. Does it not? The practical aspect here is that defecation is waste and it is pretty much roundly accepted from a social and medical perspective as being a major disease causing agent when not properly disposed of. When buried in the earth, it is a great fertilizer but running raw sewage is a deadly disease carrier. That’s just very practical of God to require that his warriors go outside camp to poop! It’s a practical and literal application of the modern proverb, “Don’t shit where you eat!” Although that saying has come to mean something different (about not having an affair with someone in the office where you work), it origin probably was very literal. Taking a crap in camp is not only smelly and messy, it is an open invitation to disease and the spreading of that disease throughout camp. The high minded theology is, again, that if God is to dwell among the camp, it must be holy and we must remove those things that are impure.


The ultimate truth that comes out of this to me are two things. First, God gives us practical applications of his theology in the Bible and he gives it to us through earnestly seeking His guidance through prayer. His theology is beautiful, but it is practical as well. He gives us guidance for our daily lives. The basic theme of which that seeking God through Jesus Christ and His holiness, we learn to be more holy ourselves. We must learn through the Holy Spirit of those things that must be removed from our lives so that we can become more and more holy as we mature in Christ.


The other thing that is just as profound is that of what is it that is impure in my camp that will cause God to remove his blessing from my church. We so often in church wonder what we can add to our church to make it better and more attractive to the world around us. What can we add? Maybe the better question is, “what must we remove?” What is it that prevents God from blessing our church? Is there something unholy and impure in our camp? Are we bringing sin into our camp and calling it holy? Is there something impure within our camp that has caused God to withdraw His blessing from our midst? Are our efforts not being blessed because we are blind to our own lusts in our camp? Are our efforts not being blessed because we are blind to the defecation in our own camp? We are to be the pure and spotless bride of Christ? We must examine ourselves collectively and individually as to what needs to be removed from our camps so that God can enter into His holy camp and do the miracles that He do!


What must you and I remove from our lives that we are OK with but that is unholy in the sight of God? What sins are we OK with but that God has forever labeled as sin? What crap is there in my life that I am lying to myself about? What must be removed from my camp to make it holy and make it ready for God to enter the camp and do the things that He so desperately wants to do through us, you and me!


It’s all very practical application of high minded theology. God is holy – high minded theology. God’s camp should be holy – practical application.


Amen and Amen.

Deuteronomy 23:1-8

Exclusion from the Assembly of the Lord

Have you ever felt that you were not good enough to go to church? Have you ever been made to feel that way when you went to church? There was a story that circulated around on the internet a few years back about how the pastor of a church decided to dress as a homeless man on the morning that he was to be introduced as the new senior pastor at a 10,000 plus member church. How much truth there is to this internet legend I do not know, but the reason it got traction was there certainly a kernel of truth to it that at least made it believable. The story goes that only three people greeted him at all as the thousands entered the church. He tried to greet people but he was given dirty looks in return rather than acceptance. He attempted to sit in the front row of the church but he was asked by ushers to go sit in the back. When all the morning announcements were made, the church elders were excited as they came on stage to introduce the new senior pastor. When all that was done, the elders went up and were excited to introduce the new pastor of the church to the congregation. “We would like to introduce to you Pastor Jeremiah Steepek.” The congregation looked around clapping with joy and anticipation. The homeless man sitting in the back stood up and started walking down the aisle. The clapping stopped with all eyes on him. He walked up the altar and took the microphone from the elders (who were in on this) and paused for a moment then he recited Matthew 25:31-46 (The Parable of the Goats and Sheep). He then looked towards the congregation and told them all what he had experienced that morning. Many began to cry and many heads were bowed in shame. He then said, “Today I see a gathering of people, not a church of Jesus Christ. The world has enough people, but not enough disciples. When will YOU decide to become disciples?” He then dismissed service until next week.


Like I said earlier, whether this internet legend has any truth to it or not is not the point. The point is that is that it could so easily be true. That was my first impression when I read today’s passage about those that were to be excluded from worship. It seems kind of brutal to me when I first read this passage and maybe even contradictory to the message of Scripture as a whole so it really troubled me. Let’s read it together now:


23 No one who has been emasculated by crushing or cutting may enter the assembly of the Lord.


2 No one born of a forbidden marriage nor any of their descendants may enter the assembly of the Lord, not even in the tenth generation.


3 No Ammonite or Moabite or any of their descendants may enter the assembly of the Lord, not even in the tenth generation. 4 For they did not come to meet you with bread and water on your way when you came out of Egypt, and they hired Balaam son of Beor from Pethor in Aram Naharaim to pronounce a curse on you. 5 However, the Lord your God would not listen to Balaam but turned the curse into a blessing for you, because the Lord your God loves you. 6 Do not seek a treaty of friendship with them as long as you live.


7 Do not despise an Edomite, for the Edomites are related to you. Do not despise an Egyptian, because you resided as foreigners in their country. 8 The third generation of children born to them may enter the assembly of the Lord.


I struggled with this passage because it seemed so exclusionary, just like the internet legend of the pastor dressed up as a homeless man. It seems as though God was saying that certain people groups are not deserving of entering the house of the Lord. What does that mean?


I finally came to this conclusion. We must not enter the house of God if we are taking our worldly customs with us when we come into the house of the Lord. We cannot worship other gods and come into the house of the Lord. We cannot be one foot in the world and one foot in the Lord’s house. We cannot worship gods that require some men to be castrated. We cannot be enemies of God’s people. We cannot be worshippers of money and other idols and be pure enough to enter into the house of the Lord.


Then, that got me to thinking a little deeper. Why was Israel allowed to be in the house of the Lord and these others not. Israel was often a rebellious, stiff-necked people that did not deserve to be in the house of the Lord. What made them different? They were God’s chosen people. They did not earn their place in the house of the Lord that is for sure. They were chosen by God to be His people from which the Messiah would come. They did not deserve their special favor in God’s eyes. They could do nothing to earn it. Their indiscretions and idol worship over the years of wandering should be enough by itself to disqualify them permanently from the house of the Lord. Were it not for the special favor of the Lord, were it not for the special place that Israel held in God’s heart as His chosen people, they would be excluded. Even then, there was something missing though. The Israelites were such a sinful lot that they could not come into the presence of the Lord and had to rely on priest (who had been purified as prescribed by God) to intercess in the presence of the Lord on their behalf.


Is it not the same with us as Christians? We, too, do not on our own merits deserve to be in the house of the Lord each Sunday. Think about it. We should consider it great privilege that the Lord allows us to enter our respective houses of worship each Sunday. We walk onto holy ground each Sunday and think nothing of it. We walk into God’s local holy temple and we think nothing of it. We should realize that the only reason that we can enter the house of the Lord that is our local church is not because we have earned it, not because we deserve it, but rather because of the grace of Jesus Christ. He makes us holy in the presence of the Lord through his imputed sinless nature. We are made clean through Jesus Christ. Therefore, we may worship the Lord through the covering of Jesus Christ. It kind of changes your perspective about entering the House of the Lord. We do not deserve to be there even if we have been Christ followers for decades and even if we have the highest and best moral standards and even if we are generous with every dollar that we have, none of us deserve to be in the house of the Lord.


All of us are born sinners with the stains of a lifetime of sins on our hands that cannot be washed off. It is only through the covering of the perfect sinlessness of Jesus Christ that we are made clean. Nothing else. No high horse that we have earned. We are there in God’s chosen people because of His favor not because we earned any of this. Therefore, we should have a humility and a joy when we enter the house of the Lord to praise and worship a God who gave us favor that we did not deserve through Jesus Christ, the Messiah.


Even in our modern churches today where we pride ourselves for not being exclusionary, what would you do if a homeless dirty, ill-shaven man came on to your campus or mine. Would you shun him because he is not wearing the coolest and latest modern church fashions? Would you usher him to the back row. Would you look down on him? Would you ask the security team to keep an eye on him?


None of us deserve to be in God’s holy house! None of us! We are filthy dirty sinners in the absence of the grace of salvation through Christ Jesus. None of us deserve to have pride when we walk into the house of the Lord. None of us! Help us to remember that we cannot and do not deserve to be in the House of the Lord. Were it not for grace, we could not enter.


Amen and Amen.